The Berlin mandate
set the parameters of the negotiation that led to the Kyoto Protocol.
Mr Prout started his career in the planning department of Westminster City Council in 1990 and went on to become help negotiate the Berlin mandate
for the Kyoto Climate Change agreement while at the Department of the Environment and was the Principal Private Secretary to the Deputy Prime Minister.
It has been my impression until now that the European Commission has always reasoned along the lines of the "Berlin mandate
" [which dates back to 1995 - Ed], which was also a barrier.
The Europeans were keen to agree on language endorsing the phrase "a protocol or other legal instrument" as the ultimate goal of the "roadmap." That phrase had been used in the 1995 Berlin Mandate
, under which countries agreed to accept a legally binding treaty in the future requiring them to cut their greenhouse gas emissions.
This meeting produced the so-called "Berlin Mandate
," the framework which led to the successful negotiation of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997.
(20) Although Article 4.2(g) of the UNFCCC facilitated relatively fluid movement from non-Annex I to Annex I Party status, the 1995 Berlin Mandate
and the 1997 Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change deepened the UNFCCC split between industrialized and developing nations, and erected procedural hurdles that made it extremely difficult for new nations to adopt emissions caps.
(3) By the time the treaty entered into force and the Conference of the Parties (COP) met for the first time in 1995, the Parties agreed that achieving the objective of the UNFCCC would require new and stronger GHG commitments, though the Berlin Mandate
deferred any new commitments for developing countries for future agreements.
Instead of immediately engaging with the task of organising a global solution, the Berlin Mandate
was adopted in April 1995, which sought to extend commitments for the industrial country group (Annex One) to control greenhouse gas emissions as required by the climate convention.
The countries that signed the Earth Summit agreement confirm their promises in the Berlin Mandate
The "Berlin Mandate
," signed by the United States and other developed countries, stipulates that new climate-change commitments will apply only to developed countries.
The new agreement, known as the Berlin mandate
, calls on nations to set quantified objectives for reducing developed countries' emissions after 2000.
The text then takes note of the progress made in the process initiated by the Berlin Mandate
and the need for its full implementation.