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Herbal medicine
A deciduous shrub, the bark and fruit of which contain alkaloids (berberine, columbamine, oxyacanthine, palmatine and others), resin, starch and tannins; it is antibacterial, anticonvulsant, antiviral and vasodilatory; it has been used internally for anaemia, cholera, constipation, diarrhoea, gallstones, hangover, heartburn, hepatitis, hypertension, menstrual pains and splenomegaly, and topically for conjunctivitis, skin infections and sore throats.
It should not be used in pregnancy as berberine stimulates uterine contractions.


(Mahonia vulgaris, Berberis aquifolium) Available in many forms (e.g., extract, infusion); purported uses include as an antidiarrheal, antipyretic, and as a cough suppressant. Potential toxicity in pregnancy.
Synonym(s): jaundice berry, Oregon grape, sowberry, wood sour.

barberry (bärˑ·ber·ē),

n Latin name:
Berberis aquifolium Pursh; part used: root bark, fruit; uses: antimicrobial, antiinflammatory, antiplatelet, decreases ventricular tachyarrhythmias, topical skin treatment; precautions: causes spontaneous abortion, avoid during pregnancy, cardiac damage, nephritis. Also called
berberry, jaundice berry, pepperridge bush, pipperidge, sour-spine, sowberry, trailing mahonia, or
wood sour.
barberry, Indian,
n Latin name:
Berberis aristata; parts used: roots, stem, fruits; uses: in Ayurveda balances kapha and vata doshas (bitter, astringent, light, rough), hepatoprotective, antiinflammatory, antibacterial, tonic, cholagogue, stomachic, fever, diarrhea, hepatitis, splenitis, jaundice, eye infections; precautions: none known. Also called
daruhaldi or
daru haridra.
Enlarge picture
Barberry, Indian.


References in periodicals archive ?
Efficacy of Berberis vulgaris aqueous extract on viability of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices.
Pharmacological investigation on the cardiovascular effects of Berberis vulgaris on tested animals.
Hosseinzadeh, "Pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Berberis vulgaris and its active constituent, berberine," Phytotherapy Research, vol.
Philipov, "Study on the anti-inflammatory action of Berberis vulgaris root extract, alkaloid fractions and pure alkaloids," International Journal of Immunopharmacology, vol.
Firstly, the spots of naturally grown Berberis vulgaris fruits were identified.
In this study, antioxidant properties, organic acid contents and phenolic compound contents of Berberis vulgaris L.
26] determined the antioxidant contents of Crni Lug originated Berberis vulgaris fruit by DPPH and antioxidant contents of the roots, branches and leaves were found as 1292.
With respect to phenolic compounds, Berberis vulgaris fruits were found to contain 0.
In a study conducted in Seydisehir Region (Konya Province/Turkey), the total phenolic compound content of Berberis vulgaris fruits was reported as 789.