confirmation bias

(redirected from Belief perseverance)

confirmation bias

(kon″fĭr-mā′shŏn)
An error in diagnostic thinking in which one sees only those patterns in the data that support one's preconceptions.
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References in periodicals archive ?
This scale could further benefit future research by providing a tool to examine potential effects of belief perseverance (e.g., Nestler, 2010; Ross, Lepper, & Hubbard, 1975), particularly when exhibited by those who have a potential impact on policy, such as social workers (e.g., Holbrook, 1996; Ryan, 2000).
An important factor that pertains to attitudes about adoption by homosexual couples is belief perseverance. Individuals who hold a belief may encounter evidence that runs contrary to that belief, yet fail to revise the belief in light of this new information (e.g., Ross et al., 1975).
A recent example in Utah may illustrate belief perseverance. A married lesbian couple fostered a 9-month-old girl with the intention of adopting her, which was supported by the biological mother and did not violate Utah law.
As a result, Jonson believes that the bond market, like its equity counterpart, is a victim of such classic behavioral traits as loss aversion, belief perseverance and herd mentality.
(35) Belief perseverance refers to the human tendency to
of belief perseverance describes the tendency to adhere to theories even
Students insisting on holding on to their original door may suffer from belief perseverance (Slusher and Anderson, 1989; cf.
Based on comments and explanations from students that maintain their original Stick strategy some may in fact suffer from belief perseverance. Several students seemed to hold to beliefs associated with luck, or instinct, asserting that "my 1st [sic] choice is usually right," or "I just trust my instincts." Choice perseverance was probably best represented by the statement of this student: "I don't know, probably the fact that my grandma always said that I have a strong will and once I make something ...
The belief perseverance bias refers to jurors' tendency, once they have adopted a trial story, to cling to it even in the face of conflicting or discrediting evidence.(21) We continually see in our focus groups jurors maintaining their trial story even when we instruct them that evidence to support their position is lacking.
Thus, we know that jurors construct a story that confirms their prior beliefs, the confirmation bias, and that the story perseveres even in the wake of inconsistent evidence, the belief perseverance bias.