behaviourism

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behaviourism

(1) A school of psychology which holds that only overt (external) or observable behaviours can be reasonably analysed, and internal constructs (i.e., the mind, developmental stages, and psychoanalysis) are too subjective and intangible to be substantially examined. Modern behaviourism is exemplefied by BF Skinner’s school of operant conditioning.
(2) Behavioural intervention, see there.

be·hav·ior·ism

(bē-hāv'yŏr-izm)
A branch of psychology that formulates, through systematic observation and experimentation, the laws and principles that underlie the behavior of humans and animals; its major contributions have been made in the areas of conditioning andlearning.
Synonym(s): behavioral psychology, behaviourism.
References in periodicals archive ?
Behaviorists have also found that human decisions can be swayed by the comparative "salience" of choice options and by how the options are "framed" and "anchored," even by incidental considerations.
Science du comportement (1942) was the most faithful and far-reaching attempt to present behaviorist ideas to a French audience from a scientific perspective.
Behaviorists continue to be critical of the idea of using internal causes and explanations for behavior.
Indeed, for the Skinnerian behaviorist, everything the body does is
"When the 25 million American homes come to realize that the child has a right to a separate room and adequate psychological care there will not be nearly so many children born," the behaviorist added smugly.
In contrast to the problems surrounding the definition of job satisfaction, however, research by organizational behaviorists on these two variables in numerous studies has concluded that there is no simple direct relationship between job attitudes, including job satisfaction, and job performance (Pinder, 1984, p.
Houpt is a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Behaviorists and emeritus professor at Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine.
I took him to a veterinary behaviorist [Diplomates of the American College of Veterinary Behaviorists (DACVB) are veterinarians who have attained specialist status in veterinary behavior] and she gave him the diagnosis of canine separation anxiety and canine obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Worth are two of the most dog-friendly cities in the US, we felt dog owners in these cities needed somewhere they can go to get help, even when they do not have the money to hire a trainer or behaviorist,” said Juan Faura, the host of Paw Talk.
Traffic scientists, specialists in nonlinear systems, and animal behaviorists have cooperated in a study of one of the natural geniuses of transportation engineering: the black garden ant of Europe.
Aggression is the most common and most serious canine behavior problem animal behaviorists encounter, according to the ASPCA.
With fewer than 100 certified behaviorists in the entire United States (many of whom do not work with companion animals), the dog population would be seriously underserved if there were not other qualified behavior and training professionals to be found.