environmental psychology

(redirected from Behavior settings)


the science dealing with the mind and mental processes, especially in relation to human and animal behavior. adj., adj psycholog´ic, psycholog´ical.
analytic psychology (analytical psychology) the system of psychology founded by Carl Gustav Jung, based on the concepts of the collective unconscious and the complex.
clinical psychology the use of psychologic knowledge and techniques in the treatment of persons with emotional difficulties.
community psychology the application of psychological principles to the study and support of the mental health of individuals in their social sphere.
criminal psychology the study of the mentality, the motivation, and the social behavior of criminals.
depth psychology the study of unconscious mental processes.
developmental psychology the study of changes in behavior that occur with age.
dynamic psychology psychology stressing the causes and motivations for behavior.
environmental psychology study of the effects of the physical and social environment on behavior.
experimental psychology the study of the mind and mental operations by the use of experimental methods.
forensic psychology psychology dealing with the legal aspects of behavior and mental disorders.
gestalt psychology gestaltism; the theory that the objects of mind, as immediately presented to direct experience, come as complete unanalyzable wholes or forms that cannot be split into parts.
individual psychology the psychiatric theory of Alfred adler, stressing compensation and overcompensation for feelings of inferiority and the interpersonal nature of a person's problems.
physiologic psychology (physiological psychology) the branch of psychology that studies the relationship between physiologic and psychologic processes.
social psychology psychology that focuses on social interaction, on the ways in which actions of others influence the behavior of an individual.

en·vi·ron·men·tal psy·chol·o·gy

the study and application by behavioral scientists and architects of how changes in physical space and related physical stimuli impact on people's behavior.
See also: personal space.

en·vi·ron·men·tal psy·chol·o·gy

(en-vī'rŏn-men'tăl sī-kol'ŏ-jē)
The study and application by behavioral scientists and architects of how changes in physical space and related physical stimuli produce an impact on people's behavior.
See also: personal space
References in periodicals archive ?
Together, Barker's theory of behavior settings and Gibson's theory of affordances (1986) conceptualize this relationship and provide a framework to investigate HIV risk behaviors in both commercial and public sex venues.
Behavior settings are self-regulated ecological units located in time and space that can be encountered and reencountered (Barker, 1968; Heft, 2001).
In the patent, Apple describes a technology wherein the software and hardware of a mobile unit changes automatically the behavior settings and UI of the device.
Behavior settings facilitate or inhibit consumer movement and choice and form a continuum from the most open (where numerous behavioral options are available to the consumer and positive reinforcement predominates) to the most closed (where few behaviors, perhaps only a single response, are available and negative reinforcement is prevalent).
Although most people going to clubs or parties do not have random hookups, we conclude that these behavior settings will more likely provide one-night stand opportunities compared to going to a local coffee house or church function.
The behavioral predictability of persons in behavior settings allowed the development of a behavioral definition of independence that now can serve as the aim of instruction:
Behavior settings refers to the influence of direct acting contingencies, where relatively closed settings alter behavior by restricting access to antecedent stimuli, whereas relatively open settings have almost no control, making factors that influence behavior difficult to isolate.
Two behavior settings are distinguished: the marketer behavior setting, where consumer and rival marketing behaviors regularly intersect; and the managerial behavior setting, incorporating temporal, physical, social, and regulatory stimuli within the firm that influence intrafirm organizational behavior (Foxall, 1999; Vella & Foxall, 2011).
Consumer behavior settings, shown on the left-hand side of Figure 1, are antecedents of buying behavior, defined in terms of discriminative stimuli and motivating operations that set the occasion for consumer behavior.
He attempts to address some person-centered processes that he claims are neglected in Barker's behavior setting theory, arguing that "ecological theorists have not yet adequately analyzed the processes by which broad environmental events and forces filter down to individuals via behavior settings" (p.
Early work by Barker and his colleagues (Barker & Wright, 1955; Barker, 1960; Barker & Gump, 1964; Barker, 1968) on Behavior Setting Theory has prompted a number of studies in the past few years on the effects of understaffing on employees' attitudes and behavior (e.

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