and Onycholysis developed in 1 patient each.
The nail changes found out in this study were pitting, subungual hyperkeratosis, onycholysis, Beau's lines
, onychoschizia and longitudinal melanonychia (Table 1).
However, horizontal indentions in the nails, or Beau's lines
as they are called, result from recent bodily trauma or high fever and/or indicate a vitamin deficiency or unchecked illness, such as diabetes or heart disease.
Among nail changes in 25% of patients, Beau's lines
and onychomadesis were common.
The patient remains in complete remission with a follow-up of 6 months and the Beau's lines
of his nail plate have disappeared completely.
One condition, Beau's lines
, is characterized by indentations across the nail bed that are a sign of disrupted growth due to illness.
TABLE Nail changes linked to nutrition deficits and toxins (9) Nail change Associated with Beau's lines
(transverse Zinc deficiency depressions of all the nails) Diffuse white nail Zinc deficiency, anemia Koilonychia (concave nails) Iron deficiency Diffuse brown, black, or Malnutrition white bands Diffuse brown nail Photographic developer Variable white Hyopcalcemia, thallium toxicity (rat poison) Muehrcke's lines (transverse, Hypoalbuminemia stationary, paired white bands) Mee's lines (transverse white Arsenic bands) Longitudinal pigmentation [B.
1) Multiple Beau's lines
or shoreline nails are also known to occur in leprosy as well as with reactions.
Horizontal nail ridges WHAT IT COULD MEAN: Known as Beau's lines
, these ridges appear when nail growth is interrupted by injury or severe illness, like uncontrolled diabetes or a virus accompanied by a high fever, such as mumps.
Horizontal lines across the nails, called Beau's lines
, can provide a history of trauma or illness.
This may be due to proximal nail separation extending distally, representing progression of Beau's lines
, which are transverse lines or grooves in the nail plate.
This may be due to proximal nail separation extending distally representing progression of Beau's lines