Anhydrobiotic capabilities of bdelloid rotifers. Hydrobiologia, 387/388, 321-326.
Key to the identification of the genera of bdelloid rotifers. Hydrobiologia, 418, 73-80.
A fossil study and DNA testing have shown that the bdelloid rotifer
has changed over the millions of years of the species' existence.
The ovaries in bdelloid rotifers, however, create eggs containing the full genome.
Traces of two large families of transposable elements that copy themselves and proliferate when a species reproduces sexually showed up in most of the animals but not in the bdelloid rotifers, the researchers reported in 2000.
are tiny, freshwater invertebrates that have long puzzled scientists because, as completely asexual animals, they should have been extinguished by parasites and pathogens long ago in evolutionary time.
One of the strongest candidates for ancient asexuals, bdelloid rotifers
date back at least 40 million years.