Batai virus

Batai virus

A negative-sense, single-stranded RNA virus of the Bunyaviridae family, genus Orthobunyavirus, which donates M-segment sequences to the Ngari virus, resulting in a so-called reassortment virus associated with outbreaks of haemorrhagic fever in Kenya and Somalia.
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Batai virus (BATV) is a member of the Bunyamwera serogroup of orthobunyaviruses of the family Peribunyaviridae.
Genetic characterization of Batai virus indicates a genomic reassortment between orthobunyaviruses in nature.
Isolation of Batai virus (Bunyaviridae:Bunyavirus) from the blood of suspected malaria patients in Sudan.
Isolation and phylogenetic analysis of Batai virus, Germany.
Surveillance of Batai virus in bovines from Germany.
> Anopheles barbirostris: Isolations of JE virus have been made from this species in Asansol and Bankura in West Bengal and Batai virus from Brahmapalli in Andhra Pradesh Reuben et al (15)
The extent of this issue is further highlighted by our divergence analysis (online Technical Appendix Figure 3, panels A-C), which shows extremely high sequence identity (93.6%-100% aa) among members of these groups, even when the analysis includes more distantly related and clearly geographically distinct viruses, such as Batai virus. These high levels of conservation may then also suggest a basis for the historical difficulties in serologic virus identification that seem to be increasingly identified during retrospective virus identification efforts, including this one.
Sequence analysis showed that NRIV is a reassortant between Bunyamwera virus (BUNV) and Batai virus (BATV), both from the genus Orthobunyavirus.
Putative cross-reacting orthobunyaviruses circulating in Europe, Batai virus (13), Tahyna virus (14), and Inkoo virus (15), were obtained from the Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine (Hamburg, Germany).
Zoonotic viruses in the Simbu serogroup are not known to circulate in Europe, but related orthobunyaviruses that may infect humans are Batai virus (BATV), Tahyna virus (TAHV), and Inkoo virus (INKV) (Table 2).
While investigations for Batai virus have not been extensive, this virus is also widespread throughout western Europe (12).
SINV, Sindbis virus; TBEV, tickborne encephalitis virus; INKV, Inkoo virus; BATV, Batai virus; TAHV, Tahyna virus; UUKV, Uukuniemi virus, WNV, West Nile virus; SFV, Semliki Forest virus; CHIKV, Chikungunya virus; USUV, Usutu virus; LEDV, Lednice virus; SSEV, Spanish sheep encephalomyelitis virus; SFSV, sandfly fever Sicilian virus; GGEV, Greek goat encephalomyelitis virus; CCHFV, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus; LIV, Louping ill virus.