The study evaluated the INTRACEPT Procedure, a minimally invasive procedure for the relief of chronic low back pain caused by stress on the vertebrae and pressure on the basivertebral
nerve embedded within the bones of the spine.
The VVP components are the basivertebral
veins (BV), the external vertebral venous plexus (EVVP) and the internal vertebral venous plexus (IVVP) (Gomez Jaramillo & Freeman, 2003; Arzone et al., 2008; Tobinick).
We have treated this condition with the transforaminal epiduroscopic approach (Figure 1) with laser targeting to the basivertebral nerve (BVN) with a good outcome.
We performed 3 steps of provocation tests to check the Modic changes as the source of pain as follows: (1) preoperative provocative discography, (2) intraoperative laser provocation into the basivertebral nerve of the vertebral body with Modic changes, and (3) intraoperative relief of pain assessment by laser reprovocation of the same painful area after completion of the laser ablation procedure.
In clinic, bone cement leakage is a commonly seen complication in percutaneous vertebroplasty, i.e., bone cement may leak to paravertebral soft tissues, canalis vertebralis, intervertebral disks and basivertebral
This system uses radio frequency energy, delivered through specially designed instruments via a minimally invasive approach to access and ablate the basivertebral
An oval region of interest (ROI) was placed in the trabecular bone at the anterior part of three vertebral bodies (L1-L3), excluding areas of sclerosis, the area of the basivertebral
vein, and the vertebral cortex.
The veins are avalvular and communicate via the basivertebral veins with the internal vertebral venous system.
 Zheng Lou et al differentiated bleeding from basivertebral veins from presacral venous plexuses & advocated surrounding suture ligation for the latter.
(17) The endpoints for cement injection include adequate filling of the anterior column portion of the involved vertebral body, cement entering the basivertebral
venous plexus, or cement extending beyond a vertebral body cortical margin in any direction.
veins run horizontally within the vertebrae.
This venous system can be divided in three intercommunicating components; the internal vertebral venous plexus; the external vertebral venous plexus and the basivertebral