basil

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basil

Herbal medicine
A bushy annual culinary and medicinal herb that contains camphor, estragol, eugenol, linalol, lineol, tannins, and thymol; basil is antipyretic and carminative, and has been used for abdominal bloating, cramps, diarrhoea, and nausea. It is also grown indoors in southern Europe as a fly repellant.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

bas·il

(bā'zil)
(Ocimum basilicum, O. sanctum) Herb widely used in Meditarranean cuisine (e.g., pesto). Studies confirm utility in lowering glucose levels; also purported value as an analgesic, antioxidant, and antiulcerative.
[L. basilicum, fr. G. basilikon, royal]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Utilizacion de Mentha suaveolens Ehrh y Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus como plantas refugio para adelantar la instalacion de Orius laevigatus Fieber (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) en cultivo de pimiento.
Table I.- Composition of basal diet for heat stressed broiler chickens and proximate analysis of basil seed (Ocimum basilicum).
basilicum (8, 10, 12.5, 15.6, 19.5, and 24 [micro]L [L.sup.-1] air), and P hispidinervum (1.4, 1.68, 2.04, 3, and 3.6 [micro]L [L.sup.-1] air) as a positive control because its fumigant activity has already been studied, with an estimated [LC.sub.50] of 0.53 [micro]L [L.sup.-1] air (Coitinho et al., 2011).
Ocimum basilicum seed extract showed the peaks at 1072.42 [cm.sup.-1], 1427.32 cm', 1620.21 [cm.sup.-1], 2241.28 [cm.sup.-1] and 2762.06 [cm.sup.-1] indicating functional groups such as C-H, C=C, C=C and O-H groups.
Ocimum basilicum, commonly known as sweet basil, belongs to the family Lamiaceae and is mostly found in tropical and subtropical areas of Asia, Africa, Central and South America cultivated as ornamental or field crops (Tada et al., 1996; Reuveni et al., 2002).
basilicum, using two sources of low-salinity water, groundwater (GW), and diluted seawater (DSW), at an approximate electrical conductivity of 2.7 dS [m.sup.-1] (1.7 g [L.sup.-1]) with zero water exchange at a stocking ratio of 4.9 shrimp per basil plant.
basilicum in liquid paraffin, researchers at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife said demonstrated pronounced bite protection greater than 70 per cent for two to three hours at all concentrations tested.
Samples of rosemary powder, common fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) powder, lemon myrtle (Backhousia citriodora) powder, basil leaves (Ocimum basilicum), wild thyme (Thymus serpyllum) leaves, garden sage leaves, and summer savory leaves were bought from Harissa spice store, Armina Srapca 8,10000 Zagreb, Croatia, and all samples have EU origin; laurel powder and garden sage powder were bought from Farma shop, Meduliceva 18, Zagreb, EU origin; nettle leaves (Urtica dioica) and lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus) were obtained from Suban d.o.o., 10434 Strmec, Croatia.
The results exhibit that the volatile oil in Basilicum polystachyon has very strong bioactivity of antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxicity.