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Related to Basilicum: pesto


Herbal medicine
A bushy annual culinary and medicinal herb that contains camphor, estragol, eugenol, linalol, lineol, tannins, and thymol; basil is antipyretic and carminative, and has been used for abdominal bloating, cramps, diarrhoea, and nausea. It is also grown indoors in southern Europe as a fly repellant.


(Ocimum basilicum, O. sanctum) Herb widely used in Meditarranean cuisine (e.g., pesto). Studies confirm utility in lowering glucose levels; also purported value as an analgesic, antioxidant, and antiulcerative.
[L. basilicum, fr. G. basilikon, royal]

basil (bāˑ·zl),

n Latin names:
Ocimum basilicum, Ocimum sanctum; parts used: leaves; uses: antiseptic, antidiabetic, immune system stimulant, antiinflammatory, ulcers, arthritis, anxiety, flatulence, coughs; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, infants, diabetes, extended usage; do not use with insulin or antidiabetic medications. Also called
common basil, sweet basil, or
St. Josephwort.
basil, holy,
n Latin name:
Ocimum sanctum; parts used: leaves, seeds, root; uses: in Ayurveda, pacifies kapha and vata doshas (pungent, bitter, light, dry), immunomodulation, antistress, antimicrobial, antiasthmatic, anticarcinogen, radioprotective, bronchitis, cold, fever, cough, laxative, stimulant, cardiotonic, indigestion, appetite stimulant; precautions: constipation. Also called
sacred basil, surasa, tulsi, or
Enlarge picture
Basil, holy.


finished dressed leather made from sheepskin.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ocimum basilicum commonly known as "Tulsi" in Hindi and sweet basil in English belongs to the family Lamiaceae and is used in culinary and as ornamental herb [1-3].
Basil is one that readily self-sows in our garden and Ocimum basilicum (sweet basil) is an absolute favourite with its large, emerald-green leaves.
Purple basil (opal basil, or Ocimum basilicum purpurea), a member of the mint family and native to India, has a flavor profile described as "heightened in intensity" in comparison with sweet basil.
The best culinary basils are called sweet basils, classified botanically as Ocimum basilicum.
The herb ocimum basilicum looks promising - but make sure you take it under the direction of a registered medical herbalist.
Antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities of Ocimum basilicum Linn.
In the current investigation, we used the crude extracts of an annual Holy Basil plant (Ocimum basilicum L.
5% Ocimum basilicum seeds in the rabbits' basal diet improved the final body weight and body weight gain, due to improved utilization of energy.
The plant species in the Quran are: Alhagi maurorum, Allium cepa, Allium sativum, Brassica nigra, Cinamoumon Camphor, Cucumis sativus, Cucurbita pepo, Ficus carica, Lens culinaris Medic, Musa sapientum, Ocimum basilicum, Olea europaea, Phoenix dactylifera, Punica granatum, Salvadora persica, Tamarix aphylla, Vitis vinifera, Zingiber officinale and Ziziphus spina_christi [2].
Diseno y evaluacion in vivo de formulas para acne basadas em aceites esenciales de naranja (Citrus sinensis) albahaca (Ocimum basilicum L.