Basidiomycota


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Ba·sid·i·o·my·co·ta

(bă-sid'ē-ō-mī-kō'tă),
A phylum of fungi characterized by a spore-bearing organ, the basidium, that is usually a clavate cell that bears basidiospores after karyogamy and meiosis. Some mycologists have raised the class Basidiomycetes to the phylum or division level.

Ba·sid·i·o·my·co·ta

(bă-sid'ē-ō-mī-kō'tă)
A phylum of fungi characterized by a spore-bearing organ, the basidium, that is usually a clavate cell that bears basidiospores after karyogamy and meiosis. As found in the environment, basidiomycetes are generally plant pathogens and only rarely cause disease in humans.

Basidiomycota

(Basidiomycotina) a group of FUNGI generally with septate (see SEPTUM) HYPHAE and CLAMP CONNECTIONS. They are commonly called ‘club fungi’ because of the club-shape of the BASIDIUM that bears the sexual SPORES (basidiospores). The spores are exposed on the basidium. Members of the group include RUSTS, SMUTS, MUSHROOMS, TOADSTOOLS, PUFFBALLS and BRACKET FUNGI. Many members form associations with ROOTS - See MYCORRHIZA.
References in periodicals archive ?
In lichens there are perhaps 18,000 species of lichenised fungi (of which 13,500 are currently described; Sipman & Aproot, 2001) and they occur across not only a wide range of the Ascomycota but include some Basidiomycota and, though very polyphyletic, some groups may have evolutionary origins in the Cambrian.
These associations involve fungal species within the phyla Basidiomycota, Ascomycota, and Zygomycota (Figure 2).
David Hibbett, associate professor of biology at Clark University, studies evolutionary biology and ecology of fungi, principally Basidiomycota (mushroom-forming fungi).
In addition, spores of Curvularia and the Basidiomycota (including rusts, smuts, and basidiospores) were identified by microscopy.