Basidiomycetes


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Related to Basidiomycetes: Deuteromycetes, Zygomycetes

Ba·sid·i·o·my·ce·tes

(ba-sid'ē-ō-mī-sēt'ez),
One of the four major classes of fungi, characterized by a spore-bearing organ (basidium), usually a single clavate cell, which bears basidiospores after karyogamy and meiosis. The class comprises the smuts, rusts, mushrooms, and puffballs. Excluding mycotoxins, there is only one human pathogen, the basidiomycetous stage of Cryptococcus neoformans.
[Mod. L. basidium, dim. of G. basis, base, + mykēs (mykēt), fungus]

basidiomycetes

A class of true fungi—which includes mushrooms, puffballs, earth stars, stinkhorns, bracket fungi, rust, smuts, jelly fungi, bird’s-nest fungi—which produce spores at the tips of swollen hyphae that are likened to clubs.

Basidiomycetes

(bă-sĭd″ē-ō-mī-sē′tēz)
In one system of taxonomy, a class of the true fungi that contains mushrooms, bracket fungi, the plant parasites rusts and smuts, and the human parasite Cryptococcus. This class is equivalent to the phylum Basidiomycotina in another system of taxonomy. Mushroom toxins may be lethal to humans if ingested, and spores of these fungi may cause allergic asthma.
References in periodicals archive ?
Molecular characterization of the basidiomycete isolate Nematoloma frowardii b19 and its manganese peroxidase places the fungus in the corticioid genus Phlebia.
Subcutaneous abscess due to the basidiomycete Phellinus mori in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease.
Chen et al., "Genome-wide annotation and comparative analysis of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases in basidiomycete biotrophic plant pathogens," PLoS One, vol.
In this study, the Basidiomycete strain BS-01 was used to ferment wheat bran.
Anamorphs of Basidiomycetes on Eucalyptus viminalis (Myrtaceae).
Fungal strains and climatic conditions for tests against basidiomycetes. Fungi name Type Coriolus versicolor White Rot/ strain CTB 863-A Coniophora puteana Brown Rot/ strain BAM Ebw.15 Gloeophyllum trabeum Brown Rot/ strain BAM Ebw.109 Poria placenta Brown Rot/ strain PRL 280 Pycnoporus sanguineus White Rot/ strain CTFT 27 O Antrodia sp Brown Rot/ strain CTFT 57 A Number of specimens Condition for the test Fungi name Leached Unleached Coriolus versicolor 30 30 (22 [+ o -] 2) [grados]C, Coniophora puteana 30 30 (70 [+ o -] 5)% RH Gloeophyllum trabeum 10 10 Poria placenta 10 10 Pycnoporus sanguineus 10 10 (27 [+ o -] 1) [grados]C, Antrodia sp 10 10 >75% RH (Tropical conditions) Table 2.
Radics, "Antibiotics from basidiomycetes evidence for the occurrence of the 4-hydroxybenzenediazonium ion in the extracts of agaricus xanthodermus genevier (agaricales)," Tetrahedron Letters, vol.
Reece, "Decolorization of dyes by wood-rotting basidiomycete fungi," Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol.
Montoya Esquivel et al., "Antigenotoxic potential of aqueous extracts from the chanterelle mushroom, Cantharellus cibarius (higher Basidiomycetes), on human mononuclear cell cultures," International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, vol.
Bresadola, "In Torrend, Les Basidiomycetes des environs de Lisbonne et de la region de S.