Bartter's syndrome

Bartter's syndrome

[bär′tərz]
Etymology: Frederick C. Bartter, American physiologist, 1914-1983
a rare hereditary disorder, characterized by hyperplasia of the juxtaglomerular area and secondary hyperaldosteronism. Renin and angiotensin levels may be elevated, but blood pressure usually remains normal. Early signs in childhood are abnormal physical growth (dwarfism) and mental retardation, often accompanied by chronic hypokalemia and alkalosis.

Bartter's syndrome

chronic potassium depletion leading to hypokalemia; caused by renal potassium wasting, elevated plasma renin activity and aldosterone secretion.
References in periodicals archive ?
Elyas suffered from Bartter's Syndrome, a kidney condition, which meant he needed to be given large amounts of sodium and potassium though a nasal tube, to prevent rapid dehydration.
Patients with Bartter's syndrome always have elevated urinary chloride concentrations even in the face of urine total volume loss.
Differential diagnosis of hypokalemic paralysis * Type of potassium imbalance Cause Drugs (tocolytics, theophylline toxicity, chloroquine toxicity, insulin overdose) Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis Transcellular shift Familial periodic paralysis Sporadic periodic paralysis Barium poisoning Drugs: diuretics Primary hyperaldosteronism Pseudohyperaldosteronism: licorice ingestion Renal loss of Bartter's syndrome, Gitelman's syndrome potassium Renal tubular acidosis Other: nephrotic syndrome, acute tubular necrosis, diabetic keto- acidosis, and ureterosigmoidostomy Celiac disease Gastrointestinal Tropical sprue loss of potassium Infectious diarrhea: Salmonella enteritis, Strongyloides enteritis, and Yersinia enterocolitis Short bowel syndrome * Adapted from references 2, 7, 8, 14, and 19.
A case of Bartter's syndrome in a seemingly healthy 20-year-old Air Force communications student that presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with complaints of diffuse lower body muscle soreness one day after a basketball game is discussed.
Candice Todd, 17, of Lancaster has Bartter's syndrome and could experience major complications or possibly die if she does not receive medication within five to seven days, deputies said.
Four teen-month-old Elyas Nasserulddin Albana, from Tyseley, suffered from Bartter's Syndrome, a kidney condition, which meant he needed large amounts of sodium and potassium every day to prevent rapid dehydration.
Fourteen-month-old Elyas Nasserulddin Albana, from Tyseley, suffered from Bartter's Syndrome, which affects potassium and sodium levels in the kidneys since he was six weeks old.