Other functional disorders were Bartter
syndrome, renal tubular acidosis and urinary tract infection (UTI) found in two cases each.
syndrome (BS) is an autosomal recessive hereditary diseases.
The differential diagnoses in our case initially were primary hyperaldosteronism, Cushing's syndrome, Re- no-vascular disease, Liddle's syndrome, Gitelman's syndrome and Bartter
WGS was used to diagnose congenital chloride diarrhea in a patient with a suspected diagnosis of Bartter
The most frequent causes of SAL in the paediatric age group are the salt-losing tubulopathies (e.g., Bartter
syndrome, Gitelman syndrome), autosomal recessive conditions characterised by the loss of [Na.sup.+] from the distal nephron with consequent RAS activation and persistent SAL.
In healthy humans, urinary exosome analysis has identified over 1000 proteins from different segments of the nephron, but, most importantly, 34 of them were implicated in many kidney diseases such as autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease type 1 (polycystin-1), autosomal dominant and recessive nephrogenic diabetes (aquaporin-2), antenatal Bartter
syndrome type 1 (Na-K-2Cl symport), and Gitelman's syndrome (thiazide-sensitive Na-Cl cotransporter) (45).
These activities have created a unique social environment that challenges traditional communication behaviors (Bartter
et al., 2009).
Four teen-month-old Elyas Nasserulddin Albana, from Tyseley, suffered from Bartter
's Syndrome, a kidney condition, which meant he needed large amounts of sodium and potassium every day to prevent rapid dehydration.
, vice president of marketing for consumer products at Ventura Foods, LLC, in Brea, Calif., the producers of the Marie's line of dressings, says that's exactly what his company suggests retailers do to promote potatoes.