Bartonella quintana


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Bartonella quintana

formerly the type species of the genus Rochalimaea, this organism causes trench fever and in AIDS patients is associated with septicemia and endocarditis; arthropod vector is Pediculus humanus, the body louse.

Bartonella quintana

A slender, fastidious coccobacillus found in the normal flora of small rodents, which is transmitted by body lice and causes trench fever, bacillary splenitis, bacteraemia, endocarditis and cat-scratch disease, as well as cutaneous bacillary angiomatosis, relapsing fever, and chronic lymphadenopath in alcoholics and in the homeless.
 
Diagnosis
Culture, direct immunofluorescence, DNA-hybridisation, PCR-amplified RFLPs, serology.
 
Management
Empirical—nafcillin, ceftriaxone, etc.

Bartonella quintana

Rochalimaea quintana Infectious disease A slender, fastidious coccobacillary bacterium found in the normal flora of small rodents transmitted by body lice, which causes trench fever, bacillary splenitis, bacteremia, endocarditis, cat-scratch disease, and cutaneous bacillary angiomatosis, relapsing fever, chronic lymphadenopathy in alcoholics, and in the homeless Management Empirical–nafcillin, ceftriaxone etc. See Trench fever.

Bar·to·nel·la quin·ta·na

(bahr-tō-nel'ă kwin-tan'ă)
A bacterial species closely resembling Rickettsia in staining properties, morphology, and mode of transmission between hosts. Organisms usually reside extracellularly in arthropod hosts and intracellularly in mammalian hosts. Type species of the genus Bartonella.
References in periodicals archive ?
Serological cross-reactions between Bartonella quintana, Bartonella henselae, and Coxiella burnetii.
Antibodies to Rickettsia rickettsii, Rickettsia typhi, Coxiella burnetii, Bartonella henselae, Bartonella quintana, and Ehrlichia chaffeensis among healthy population in Minas Gerais, Brazil.
La presencia de anticuerpos sericos IgG especificos anti-Bartonella henselae, Bartonella quintana y Babesia microti se llevo a cabo por la tecnica de inmunofluorescencia indirecta (IFI), utilizando el kit (Focus Technologies, Cypres, Ca, USA).
Although IFA has both advantages and disadvantages, it is the most widely used method for the identification Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Bartonella quintana, B.
Bartonella quintana in body lice collected from homeless persons in Russia.
The more commonly known Bartonella species include Bartonella henselae, Bartonella quintana, and Bartonella bacilliform is.
We used indirect immunofluorescence assays to detect significant levels of antibodies to Coxiella burnetii IgG titer to phase I [greater than or equal to] 1:800), Bartonella quintana, B.
Prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Bartonella quintana.
Bartonella quintana is the causative agent of trench J-J fever, which is characterized in humans by headache, recurrent fever, and pretibial pain.
The macaque has been associated with several bacterial infections, such as those caused by hemotropic Mycoplasma and Bartonella quintana (2).
Of concern is the potential for body lice to transmit Bartonella quintana, the bacterium that causes trench fever, the most common louseborne disease in some urban homeless persons (8).