Bartonella quintana


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Bartonella quintana

formerly the type species of the genus Rochalimaea, this organism causes trench fever and in AIDS patients is associated with septicemia and endocarditis; arthropod vector is Pediculus humanus, the body louse.

Bartonella quintana

A slender, fastidious coccobacillus found in the normal flora of small rodents, which is transmitted by body lice and causes trench fever, bacillary splenitis, bacteraemia, endocarditis and cat-scratch disease, as well as cutaneous bacillary angiomatosis, relapsing fever, and chronic lymphadenopath in alcoholics and in the homeless.
 
Diagnosis
Culture, direct immunofluorescence, DNA-hybridisation, PCR-amplified RFLPs, serology.
 
Management
Empirical—nafcillin, ceftriaxone, etc.

Bartonella quintana

Rochalimaea quintana Infectious disease A slender, fastidious coccobacillary bacterium found in the normal flora of small rodents transmitted by body lice, which causes trench fever, bacillary splenitis, bacteremia, endocarditis, cat-scratch disease, and cutaneous bacillary angiomatosis, relapsing fever, chronic lymphadenopathy in alcoholics, and in the homeless Management Empirical–nafcillin, ceftriaxone etc. See Trench fever.

Bar·to·nel·la quin·ta·na

(bahr-tō-nel'ă kwin-tan'ă)
A bacterial species closely resembling Rickettsia in staining properties, morphology, and mode of transmission between hosts. Organisms usually reside extracellularly in arthropod hosts and intracellularly in mammalian hosts. Type species of the genus Bartonella.
References in periodicals archive ?
Acquisition and excretion of Bartonella quintana by the cat flea, Ctenocephalidesfelisfelis.
Unfortunately, the IFA used in our bacteriology unit measures antibodies to both Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana; therefore, we were unable to differentiate between these Bartonella spp.
Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae endocarditis: A study of 48 patients.
Antibodies to Rickettsia rickettsii, Rickettsia typhi, Coxiella burnetii, Bartonella henselae, Bartonella quintana, and Ehrlichia chaffeensis among healthy population in Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Objetivo Establecer la seroprevalencia contra Bartonella henselae, Bartonella quintana y Babesia microti, en poblaciones expuestas y no expuestas a animales domesticos del sector agropecuario en el departamento de Cordoba-Colombia.
Equal proportions (34%) had antibody to Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana. The prevalences of Bartonella antibody among villages varied from 7.1% in Monteria to 56.2% in San Marcos and Lorica (Table 1) (p<0,05).
IgG cross-reactivity can occur between B henselae and Bartonella quintana because these tests use whole bacteria or bacterial lysates as an antigen.
The more commonly known Bartonella species include Bartonella henselae, Bartonella quintana, and Bartonella bacilliform is.
* Japanese Macaques (Macaca fuscata) as Natural Reservoir of Bartonella quintana
High seroprevalence to Bartonella quintana in homeless patients with cutaneous parasitic infestations in downtown Paris.
We used indirect immunofluorescence assays to detect significant levels of antibodies to Coxiella burnetii IgG titer to phase I [greater than or equal to] 1:800), Bartonella quintana, B.