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Clara (1821–1912). Founder and first president of the American National Red Cross. Born in North Oxford, Massachusetts, she distributed supplies for the relief of wounded soldiers during the Civil War, and at its close organized a bureau of records in Washington to aid in the search of missing men. She assisted in organizing military hospitals when the Franco-Prussian War started in 1870, and began at once to establish an American Red Cross Society upon her return to the United States in 1873.
George. An architect who in 1917 organized a group of individuals interested in the advancement of occupational therapy and served as the president of the group, The National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy. Barton became interested in occupational therapy during a long convalescence when he recognized the importance of activity in assisting him to cope with his illness and deal with his disabilities. The National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy became the American Occupational Therapy Association in 1921.
(1821-1912), an American philanthropist, humanitarian, and founder of the American National Red Cross. During the U.S. Civil War, she was a volunteer nurse, often on the battlefield, and at its end she organized a bureau of records to help in the search for missing men. When the Franco-Prussian War erupted, she assisted in the organization of military hospitals in Europe in association with the International Red Cross. This experience led to her advocacy of the establishment of an American Red Cross organization, of which she became the first president.