Forer Effect

(redirected from Barnum effect)
Also found in: Wikipedia.
The observation that people give high accuracy ratings to descriptions of their personality that are said to have been tailored specifically for them, but which are in fact vague and general enough to apply to a wide range of people. The Forer effect partially explains the widespread acceptance of astrology, fortune telling, and some types of personality tests
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
To make sure I wasn't just experiencing the psychological Barnum effect, where individuals believe general descriptions to be accurate descriptions that relate to them, I enlisted the opinion of a friend who confirmed that I did share some of those type A qualities.
It is also similar to something called the Barnum Effect or the Forer Effect.
This phenomenon of individuals tendency to accept 'bogus' feedback as accurate is also known as the 'Barnum Effect' (Meehl, 1956; MacDonald & Standing, 2002).
Another interesting finding is that the Barnum effect is more prevalent in positive statements and evaluations than in negative leading researchers to conclude that the Barnum effect is somewhat cancelled by a self-serving bias (Leung, Su & Morris, 2001; MacDonald & Standing, 2002).
The Forer test (Forer, 1949), or Barnum effect (Meehl, 1956) is often used to illustrate gullibility and ethics (Beins, 1993).
One of the most emphasized factors is the Barnum effect, i.e., the tendency to interpret general statements as applying specifically and accurately to one's own unique circumstances.
Studies supporting the validity of the Barnum effect include Dickson and Kelly (1985), Dies (1972), Fichten & Sunerton (1983), and Forer (1949).
"Cold reading" is a set of deceptive psychological techniques which are used in the psychic reading to create the impression that the reader has paranormal ability (Rowland, 2002); the Barnum effect technique, which has been described earlier, is one branch in this tree of "cold reading" (Dutton, 1988).
The fast question may be tied theoretically to the Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM; Petty & Cacioppo, 1986) of attitude change; the second may be tied to the Barnum effect (Meehl, 1956).
Another goal was to examine the relationship between TI favorability, using the Barnum effect as its theoretical basis, and counseling processes and outcomes.
Professor French mentions the Barnum Effect - which supposes that dubious operators apply a broad sweep of possibilities, which eager clients then swoop on as specific to their situation.
The 'Barnum Effect' in Personality Assessment: A Review of the Literature.