Klaus Barbie

(redirected from Barbie Trial)
A captain of the Gestapo known as the ‘Butcher of Lyon’ who is believed to have been responsible for the deaths of 4,000 Jews and French resistance fighters in World War II. Like many Nazis, Barbie (1913-1991) fled to South America.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, situating into French History Jeunet's earlier films, Delicatessen and La Cite des enfants perdus, allows Ezra to present some convincing correlations between film narratives and their contemporaneous contexts, evoking the Klaus Barbie trial, the French colonial project, and the conflict in Algeria.
The passage from our book that Coughlin mis-cites is clearly an imputation to a generation of French lawyers, politicians, and culture leaders; we do this imputing at the end of a dense four-page paraphrase of Binder's famous article about the Barbie trial.
Thus, the Barbie trial appeared to French society as a performance, an object of interpretation.
Although represented by different parties at the Barbie trial, the identity crises of Judaism and of the French left are outgrowths of a common culture of despair that paralyzes moral choice in the wake of Nazi atrocities.
64) Meanwhile, in the Barbie trial, the defendant himself, in a rare outburst, accused the Tribunal of blurring the distinction between war crimes and crimes against humanity.
In the Barbie trial, much was made of the need to punish the individuals who were personally involved in the commission of crimes and thereby reestablishing the link between the man and his crimes.
In her introduction to Alain Finkielkraut's book on the Barbie trial, Remembering in Vain, Alice Kaplan describes the trial as a "pedagogical event,"(104) which she claims "resuscitated history and made it into a current event.
136) In a wonderfully iconoclastic assessment of the Barbie trial, Guyora Binder shows how these various strategies were not only at odds with each other but also came into conflict with the Jewish narrative of their role in the Barbie saga.
Similarly, a message of the Barbie trial is that torture in Algeria is not a war crime or that Vichy France was not as anti-semitic as Nazi Germany.
156) Sometimes these are supplied by individuals such as Verges in the Barbie trial, or Arendt in the ease of Eichmann's trial.
In the Barbie trial, proceedings intended to document the superiority of Western liberal culture over Nazi totalitarianism were converted by a clever, opportunistic defense counsel into a conflict between Third World anti-colonialism and French imperialism.
In the first two-thirds of the book five succinct chapters take us from invasion to epuration and for good measure we are reminded that in the Barbie trial and the affaire Touvier painful scars remain.