ballistic stretching


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Stretching or 'warming up' using the momentum of a moving body or a limb in an attempt to force it beyond its normal range of motion, by bouncing in or out of a stretched position, using the stretched muscles as a spring to pull out of the stretched position; ballistic stretching is not considered useful and can lead to injury; it does not allow the muscles to adjust to, and relax in, the stretched position, but rather may cause them to tighten up by repeatedly activating the stretch reflex

ballistic stretching

Bouncing stretching Sports medicine Rapid, jerking movements in which a body part is moved with a momentum that would stretch the muscles to a maximum; during the bouncing motion, the muscle responds by contracting, to protect itself from overstretching
References in periodicals archive ?
Further research should focus on the effects of antagonist stretching using other techniques like PNF or ballistic stretching and/or different volumes of stretching on the isokinetic peak torques and electromyographic activities of the nonstrectched agonist muscles.
Ballistic stretching involves repeated bouncing throughout a full range of motion of less than 15 seconds in duration.
The acute effects of dynamic and ballistic stretching on vertical jump height, force, and power.
Acute effects of static and ballistic stretching on measures of strength and power.
Ballistic stretching incorporates bouncing movements in which the muscles and tendons are rapidly stretched and relaxed (Garber et al.
Wallin et al (1985) investigated the effect of 30 days of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and ballistic stretching, and 30 days of on-going PNF stretching with different stretching frequencies from one to five times a week.
The difference is that at the end, instead of an antagonist muscle contraction or a passive stretching, dynamic stretching and ballistic stretching is used.
The most common form of this stretching type is ballistic stretching, which imposes passive momentum to increase ROM on relaxed or contracted muscles.
The theme for this is warm-ups and cool downs, introducing dynamic and ballistic stretching.
Ballistic stretching, which is done by many beginners, is generally the type to avoid.
Two specific situations which lead to injury are eccentric contractions and ballistic stretching.
However, ballistic stretching routines are becoming more common prior to exercise due to a reduced impairment of performance in various activities (5, 40).

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