valerian

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va·le·ri·an

(vă-lē'rē-ăn),
1. The rhizome and roots of Valeriana officinalis (family Valerianaceae), a herb native to southern Europe and northern Asia, cultivated also in the U.K. and the U.S.; has been used as a sedative in hysteria and at menopause.
2. Referring to a class of terpene alkaloids obtained from valerian (1).
Synonym(s): vandal root

valerian

/va·le·ri·an/ (vah-lēr´e-an)
1. a plant of the genus Valeriana.
2. the dried roots, rhizome, and stolons of V. officinalis, which are antispasmodic and sedative and are used for nervousness and insomnia.

valerian

(və-lîr′ē-ən)
n.
1. Any of several plants of the family Valerianaceae, especially Valeriana officinalis, native to Eurasia and widely cultivated for its small, fragrant, white to pink or lavender flowers and for use in medicine.
2. The dried rhizomes of Valeriana officinalis, used medicinally as a sedative.

valerian

a perennial herb native to Eurasia that is now grown worldwide.
uses This herb is used as a sedative, and is generally considered safe and effective for short-term use.
contraindications Valerian should not be used during pregnancy and lactation, in those with known hypersensitivity to this herb, or those with hepatic disease. It should be used only with caution in children, since research is lacking.

valerian

Herbal medicine
A perennial herb that contains alkaloids, actinidine, choline, glycoside, resins, tannins, valepotriates, valerenic acid and volatile oils (including limonene); it is antispasmodic, antitussive, and sedative, and may act on the central nervous system. Valerian has been used for anxiety, colic, dandruff, dyspepsia, headaches, hypertension, insomnia, menstrual cramping, nervousness, stress and tachyarrhythmias.
 
Toxicity
Valerian should not be given to infants, and should be used with caution in pregnant women; in excess, it may cause headaches, irritability and blurred vision.

va·le·ri·an

(vă-ler'ē-ăn)
An herb (Valeriana officinalis) that is used to treat anxiety, insomnia, sleep disorders, and restlessness due to nervous disorders.

valerian (v·lirˑ·ē·n),

n Latin name:
Valeriana officinalis; parts used: rhizomes, roots; uses: anxiolytic, insomnia, nervousness; precautions: GRAS, pregnancy, lactation, children; overdose is hepatotoxic; patients with liver conditions or taking CNS depressants, MAOIs, phenytoin, warfarin. Also called
all heal, amantilla, baldrianwurzel, capon's tail, great wild valerian, herba benedicta, katzenwurzel, phu germanicum, phu parvum, setewale, setwell, theriacaria, or
valeriana.
Enlarge picture
Valerian.
valerian, Greek,
n Latin name:
Polemonium caeruleum; parts used: rhizome and roots; uses: spasm prevention, sedative, anxiety, sleeplessness; precautions: none known. Also called
Jacob's ladder.

valerian

References in periodicals archive ?
Baldrian P, ValaUkova V (2008) Degradation of cellulose by basidiomycetous fungi.
Baldrian P, Vendula V, Merhautova, Gabriel J (2005) Degradation of lignocellulose by Pleurotus ostreatus in the presence of copper, manganese, lead and zinc.
In a Press briefing, Consul General Walter Deplazes of Switzerland said the original band which played during the filming of the movie Titanic and Baldrian will perform with Martin Ulrich known as Martin O, a Swiss performer who mixes voice, keyboard and projections that he creates live on stage.
He added that the funny and poetic stage show, Baldrian, is a unique act with flying balloons and will showcase the slowest juggler in the world.
Baldrian (2001) investigated biosorption of copper to the pellets of different fungal species in batch and continuous column experiments.
Wirksamkeit und Vertraglichkeit von Baldrian Versus Oxacepam bei nichtorganischen und nichtpsychiatrischen Insomnien: Eine randomisierte, doppelblinde klinische Vergleichsstudie.
Dorn M (2000) Efficacy and tolerability of Baldrian versus oxazepam in non-organic and non-psychiatric insomniacs: a randomised, double-blind, clinical, comparative study.