Bacteroides fragilis

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Related to Bacteroides fragilis: Clostridium difficile, clostridium perfringens, E coli

Bac·te·roi·des frag·'i·lis

a bacterial species found in human and animal intestinal tracts. Although it represents only about 10-20% of Bacteroides species found in the colon, it is the primary species associated with intraabdominal abscesses and other subdiaphragmatic infections in humans, including peritonitis, rectal abscess, abdominal surgical wounds, and urogenital tract infection. Its capsule is capable of inducing abscess formation independently; characteristically, this species produces a β-lactamase that inactivates β-lactam antibiotics such as the penicillin and cephalosporin groups; it is the type species of the genus, Bacteroides.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Bacteroides fragilis

A gram-negative anaerobe which is a frequent isolate in anaerobic cultures; it is associated with abscesses, aspiration pneumonia, endocarditis, septic arthritis and empyema.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bacteroides fragilis

Microbiology A gram-negative anaerobe which is a frequent isolate in anaerobic cultures; it is associated with abscesses, aspiration pneumonia, endocarditis, septic arthritis and empyema
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Bac·te·roi·des frag·i·lis

(bak-tēr-oy'dēz fraj'i-lis)
A species that is one of the predominant organisms in the lower intestinal tract of humans and other animals; also found in specimens from appendicitis, peritonitis, rectal abscesses, pilonidal cysts, surgical wounds, and lesions of the urogenital tract. It is the type species of the genus Bacteroides.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Specific bacterial antigens, such as PSA from Bacteroides fragilis, mediate the migration of the CNS, indicating a substantial interaction between the intestinal mucosa and the brain [69].
Cutaneous abscess below the waist have often been found to be caused by colonic flora anaerobes including Bacteroides fragilis.
Determinants of resistance in Bacteroides fragilis strains according to recent Brazilian profiles of antimicrobial susceptibility.
coli, and Streptococci fecalis), anaerobic bacteria (Clostridium perfringens and Bacteroides fragilis), and fungal (Candida albicans) antigens.
In some cases, including the present case, the patients had a history of pelvic inflammatory disease.[12,18] In several cases bacteria, including Bacteroides fragilis, E coli, Proteus vulgaris, and Salmonella typhi grew from bacterial cultures.[12,13,20,22] Bacteria have also been associated with xanthogranulomatous inflammation in other organs[5,6,7,10,14] Escherichia coli was cultured from ovarian abscess fluid in the present case.
Zerbaxa used in combination with metronidazole is indicated in adult patients for the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections caused by the following Gram-negative and Gram-positive microorganisms: Enterobacter cloacae, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacteroides fragilis, Streptococcus anginosus, Streptococcus constellatus, and Streptococcus salivarius.
The presence of beneficial bacteria, such as Bifidobacterium longum, and a reduction in Bacteroides fragilis [31] in the gut have been associated with a lower incidence of asthma.
Separation of capsulate and non-capsulate Bacteroides fragilis on a discontinuous density gradient.
Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Beta-hemolytic streptococci, Proteus species and Bacteroides fragilis. Several studies have been made of the peritoneal fluid and bacterial pattern of appendix fossa.
Take a humble gut bacterium called Bacteroides fragilis. This species is ancient, at least 500 million years old, and has probably been living in the gut from humankind's beginning, says Caltech microbiologist Sarkis Mazmanian.