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systematic therapeutic stroking or kneading of the body.
cardiac massage intermittent compression of the heart by pressure applied either over the sternum (closed cardiac massage) or directly to the heart through an opening in the chest wall (open cardiac massage).
simple massage in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as stimulation of the skin and underlying tissues with varying degrees of hand pressure to decrease pain, produce relaxation, and/or improve circulation.
vibratory massage massage by rapidly repeated light percussion with a vibrating hammer or sound.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


A method of manipulation of the body or part of the body by rubbing, pinching, kneading, or tapping.
Synonym(s): tripsis (2)
[Fr. from G. massō, to knead]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


(mə-säzh′, -säj′)
1. The rubbing or kneading of parts of the body especially to aid circulation, relax the muscles, or provide sensual stimulation.
2. An act or instance of such rubbing or kneading.
tr.v. mas·saged, mas·saging, mas·sages
1. To give a massage to.
2. To treat by means of a massage.

mas·sag′er n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


A method of manipulation of the body by rubbing, pinching, kneading, or tapping.
[Fr. from G. massō, to knead]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


Stimulation of skin and muscle by rubbing, kneading, stroking, pummelling or hand-hammering with therapeutic intent. Massage has little physical effect but the psychological and symbolic effect of human touch can be deeply soothing and can relieve symptoms, especially those of undue muscle tension.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Patient discussion about massage

Q. Does massage help............ Does massage help people with chronic pain, too?

A. There are many pains and they need different cures. Acupressure (and acupuncture), massage, music therapy, aroma therapy, and so on. This is not black magic, you can try it and maybe one of these cures help you. Acupressure help me always to disappear my headache. There are invisible lines and points on our body and if you massage them then the sensation will change (that is the pain will vanish).

Q. Can massage really help her? My cousin sister who is with fibromyalgia also feels some pain. Can massage really help her?

A. Not only the person with fibromyalgia but anyone can benefit from the massage. If you're a newbie and have not had much bodywork, start slowly. Having someone stroke your "sore" spots may feel a bit "ouchy," but that type of touch therapy may be quite beneficial in the long run. Have your therapist go as slowly as you need. You can build up to deeper applications by spreading out your experience over many appointments. Special note: Whether you're the patient or the caregiver of a chronically ill person, life's stress can increase to unbearable limits and can cause great mind/body/spirit imbalances. By relaxing your mind and body, massage helps to raise your health and vitality closer to a state of wellness. Perhaps, you will feel better than you could possibly imagine. Start gradually, book weekly, bi-weekly or monthly appointments. Consider keeping a record of your progress. Few doctors would advise you not to try massage therapy, but to be safe, it's a good idea

Q. I like to know the types of massages.. I like to know the types of massages for the people who suffer from fibromyalgia or with chronic illness.

A. Types of Massage, especially for people with Fibromyalgia and/or those who suffer with chronic illness: ‘Myofascial release’: Many times "regular" massage therapists can perform elementary myofascial release holds and moves, but the more specifically trained professionals in myofascial release therapy have received extended education and use stylized techniques and tools. They apply the type, degree and specific techniques that are best suited for each person's need. Myofascial Release therapy can be effective particularly for individuals with trigger or tender points and for those whose muscles tend to be knotty. ‘Swedish massage ‘: Any massage therapist should be able to do this kind of work. This technique is gentle, but done with enough applied pressure to comfortably work on sore spots.

More discussions about massage
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References in periodicals archive ?
Their first version of Google was called BackRub, and its data center was located in Page's dorm room.
Our waning commitment to nursing care--from the disappearing backrub to the spray-and-wash personal hygiene care we now offer to sick, bedridden patients--will haunt us in the future as nurses are economically replaced by competent but impersonal technicians.
I am thinking of nursing, and I am back in the black winter mornings at James Martin Vocational Trade School, learning the social gestures, and speech of duty the lost silence of the backrub in the darkness of the nightshift, the wiping of the spilt urine off the white tile floor, the unwrapping of the wound, the wrapping of the wound, the slowness of the walk down the hall with the one learning to walk again, the bed made, unmade, made again.
Walk-in Backrub is at 020 7836 9111 or log on to
I told my wife I could draw wax out of my finger, and I would bet a backrub on it.
The governing board of Lambert Field airport has awarded concession agreements to Laptop Lane Ltd and A BackRub Co.
In "Scenes From the Fall Fashion Catalog," Budnitz plucks a body from the pages of a women's clothing catalog and turns her into a living, breathing, frustrated woman on the run, "tire[d] of the faded towns, the men who bellow for their dinners and a backrub." In a suicide bid, she ties herself to the train tracks and, in a neat twist on the silent film iconography, is saved by a dashing hero who "holds her triumphantly aloft [as she] watches her own hands rise and reach for him, not in grateful embrace, but to rip his eyes out."
"Americans aren't really into touch like Europeans and Asians," says Bill Zanker, president and founder of the national chain of Great American Backrub stores.
Then there is the Great American Backrub, a store which hopes to do for your back what Starbucks does for your central nervous system.
Give a backrub, play soothing music or take a short break.
Infants who are accustomed to going to sleep with a bottle should be given water, or try a soothing song or backrub until the infant falls asleep.
Shiatsu is not your routine backrub. There were times when I thought I might jump off the table.