back pain

(redirected from Back spasm)
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back pain

See Low back pain.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

back pain

Pain felt in or along the spine or musculature of the posterior thorax. It is usually characterized by dull, continuous pain and tenderness in the muscles or their attachments in the lower lumbar, lumbosacral, or sacroiliac regions. Back pain is often referred to the leg or legs, following the distribution of the sciatic nerve.

Etiology

Common causes of back pain include pain caused by muscular or tendon strain, herniated intervertebral disk, lumbar spinal stenosis, or spondylolisthesis. Patients with a history of cancer may have back pain caused by metastatic tumors to the vertebrae and should be evaluated to be certain that damage to the spinal cord is not imminent. Patients with back pain and fever (esp. those with a history of injection drug use, tuberculosis, or recent back surgery) should be evaluated for epidural abscess or osteomyelitis.

Treatment

Depending on the underlying cause of the back pain, treatment may include drugs, rest, massage, physical therapy, chiropractic, stretching exercises, injection therapy, and surgery, among others. Most nonmalignant causes of back pain improve with a few days of rest, analgesics, and antiinflammatory drugs, followed by 2 to 4 weeks of anti-inflammatory treatment, appropriate muscle strengthening, and patience. Pain caused by an osteoporotic fracture may prove more debilitating and longer-lasting. Back pain produced by a spinal metastasis can improve with corticosteroids, radiation therapy, intravenous bisphosphonates, and/or surgical decompression. Patients with a spinal epidural abscess will need surgical drainage of the infection and antibiotics.

Patient care

Prolonged bedrest is inadvisable in most patients with back pain. The treatment regimen is explained, implemented, and reinforced. Factors that precipitate symptoms are identified and preventive actions are discussed.

See also: pain
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

Patient discussion about back pain

Q. My son is complaining about back pain. I also see that his back isn't straight. What can we do? My son is a adorable 8 years old. He is complaining about back pain, that bothers him after he walks a little. I also saw that his back isn't straight and looks like a S. is this deformity connected to his back pain?

A. The normal shape of the spine is very similar to the "S" shape as you can see here
http://www.digitalartform.com/archives/images/spineTest1.jpg
But even if his back isn't deformated, he has back pain and you need to take care of that by going to your pediatrician.

Q. I want to know the treatments for back pain

A. well, tester1234, you are asking a very general question. back pain is a symptom. and the best way to get rid of a symptom is by eliminating the cause. back pain have many causes- not sitting right, posture problems, Spinal disc herniation, muscles not strong and long enough, kidney problems sometime feels like lower back problems. i had a problem with posture. so i went to Rolfing therapist- really helped.

Q. I have a lower back pain for more than 3 months what should I do? I am a 55 years old man, and i work as a truck-driver. In the last 3 months i have a back ache that is disturbing my life. Its really annoying me. When I wake up I am usually fine, but after 10 minutes of driving the pain starts and it doesn't stop till I go back to bed. What can I do? my GP told me to take Tylenol, but it's just not helping.

A. A constant low back pain can be a result of a lot of things. A friend of mine (63 years old) had a back pain and she didn't pay enough attention to it assuming its just nothing. In the end it was due to metastatic lung cancer.
here you can see the major "Red Flags" that encourage you take an extra appointment with your GP
http://www.medinfo.co.uk/conditions/lowbackpain.html

More discussions about back pain
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References in periodicals archive ?
"England captain Eoin Morgan, who left the field during West Indies' innings in the ICC Cricket World Cup fixture on Friday due to a back spasm, underwent a scan this weekend and further treatment.
I've had back spasms before and usually it only takes a few days to settle down.
'The back spasm took two days to get over, and he's better now,' the former Pakistan all-rounder added.
Andy was unfortunate to drop out last week with a back spasm and Jos came in and did very well.
Manager Roberto Martinez is confident his England left-back will be fit for the visit of Norwich after sitting out the FA Cup win over QPR with a back spasm. "Leighton Baines was just a back spasm and he is recovering as we expected so I don't think he's going to be too far from being able to train," he said.
Baines suffered a back spasm after the draw with Stoke City on New Year's Day, having previously missed a month with a fractured toe.
The England goalkeeper went down with a back spasm and then allowed Andy Carroll's stoppage-time shot to squirm between his legs.
"If Larne recovers from his back spasm he could be straight back in, because he'd have played against Catalan had he been fit.
The world number four has been troubled by a niggling back problem since the end of last year and on Thursday woke up with a back spasm that almost ended his Roland Garros campaign.
The Yorkshireman is one of five players to have left the tour prematurely with Paul Collingwood (back spasm), Ajmal Shahzad (hamstring) and Chris Tremlett (side) all flying home on Thursday to follow Bresnan and Graeme Swann (back/knee) on the sidelines.
Player-coach Gerad Adams looks certain to be in the Devils team this evening with Ryan Finnerty ruled out by a back spasm. Finnerty, though, will be back for next weekend when Cardiff face Sheffield Steelers or Edinburgh in the play-off quarter-finals.