back pain

(redirected from Back spasm)
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back pain

See Low back pain.

back pain

Pain felt in or along the spine or musculature of the posterior thorax. It is usually characterized by dull, continuous pain and tenderness in the muscles or their attachments in the lower lumbar, lumbosacral, or sacroiliac regions. Back pain is often referred to the leg or legs, following the distribution of the sciatic nerve.


Common causes of back pain include pain caused by muscular or tendon strain, herniated intervertebral disk, lumbar spinal stenosis, or spondylolisthesis. Patients with a history of cancer may have back pain caused by metastatic tumors to the vertebrae and should be evaluated to be certain that damage to the spinal cord is not imminent. Patients with back pain and fever (esp. those with a history of injection drug use, tuberculosis, or recent back surgery) should be evaluated for epidural abscess or osteomyelitis.


Depending on the underlying cause of the back pain, treatment may include drugs, rest, massage, physical therapy, chiropractic, stretching exercises, injection therapy, and surgery, among others. Most nonmalignant causes of back pain improve with a few days of rest, analgesics, and antiinflammatory drugs, followed by 2 to 4 weeks of anti-inflammatory treatment, appropriate muscle strengthening, and patience. Pain caused by an osteoporotic fracture may prove more debilitating and longer-lasting. Back pain produced by a spinal metastasis can improve with corticosteroids, radiation therapy, intravenous bisphosphonates, and/or surgical decompression. Patients with a spinal epidural abscess will need surgical drainage of the infection and antibiotics.

Patient care

Prolonged bedrest is inadvisable in most patients with back pain. The treatment regimen is explained, implemented, and reinforced. Factors that precipitate symptoms are identified and preventive actions are discussed.

See also: pain


see also dorsum.

back arched upwards
humped back posture as in subacute abdominal pain.
cold back
horse resents the saddle being placed in position and the girth tightened. May be due to pain in back or to disinclination to wear the saddle.
hollow back
the natural concave line of the backbone is exaggerated.
back muscle necrosis
is characterized by pain and swelling over the backs of pigs. The pigs are reluctant to move and there is arching or lateral flexion of the spine. Subsequently there is atrophy of the muscles. See also porcine stress syndrome.
back pain
pain expressed when pressure is applied to the back. Spondylosis, injury to dorsal spinous processes and muscle sprain are amongst the common causes. A special area of interest in the horse, because of its importance in restricting movement and causing abnormalities of gait.
back raking
manual removal of the feces from the rectum. Performed often in the preliminaries to pregnancy diagnosis in mares and cows. Carried out cosmetically in horses and especially elephants just before a circus or other performing act.
back Shu points
acupuncturese for association points along the back.

Patient discussion about back pain

Q. My son is complaining about back pain. I also see that his back isn't straight. What can we do? My son is a adorable 8 years old. He is complaining about back pain, that bothers him after he walks a little. I also saw that his back isn't straight and looks like a S. is this deformity connected to his back pain?

A. The normal shape of the spine is very similar to the "S" shape as you can see here
But even if his back isn't deformated, he has back pain and you need to take care of that by going to your pediatrician.

Q. I want to know the treatments for back pain

A. well, tester1234, you are asking a very general question. back pain is a symptom. and the best way to get rid of a symptom is by eliminating the cause. back pain have many causes- not sitting right, posture problems, Spinal disc herniation, muscles not strong and long enough, kidney problems sometime feels like lower back problems. i had a problem with posture. so i went to Rolfing therapist- really helped.

Q. I have a lower back pain for more than 3 months what should I do? I am a 55 years old man, and i work as a truck-driver. In the last 3 months i have a back ache that is disturbing my life. Its really annoying me. When I wake up I am usually fine, but after 10 minutes of driving the pain starts and it doesn't stop till I go back to bed. What can I do? my GP told me to take Tylenol, but it's just not helping.

A. A constant low back pain can be a result of a lot of things. A friend of mine (63 years old) had a back pain and she didn't pay enough attention to it assuming its just nothing. In the end it was due to metastatic lung cancer.
here you can see the major "Red Flags" that encourage you take an extra appointment with your GP

More discussions about back pain
References in periodicals archive ?
The back spasm took two days to get over, and he's better now,' the former Pakistan all-rounder added.
Karachi [Pakistan], June 16 ( ANI ): Pakistan fast bowler Mohammad Amir is all set to play in the high-octane Champions Trophy final against arch-rival India after recovering fully from a back spasm.
The 30-year-old, who played three ODI against New Zealand in August last year, joins De Lange in the squad after initial injuries for Dale Steyn and Kyle Abbott and then Albie Morkel's back spasm.
Andy was unfortunate to drop out last week with a back spasm and Jos came in and did very well.
Leighton Baines was just a back spasm and he is recovering as we expected so I don't think he's going to be too far from being able to train," he said.
He played the 90 minutes against Stoke and played really well but then had a back spasm the day after.
City assistant manager David Platt said: "Joe had a back spasm as he kicked the ball.
With back spasms it can be a week or sometimes the recovery period can drag on.
He played the 90 minutes against Stoke and played really well, but then had a back spasm the day after.
4 has been troubled by a back problem since the end of last year and on Thursday woke up with a back spasm that almost ended his Roland Garros campaign in the second round.
The England Test captain suffered a back spasm and pulled out of yesterday's Division Two game as a precautionary measure.
Caddick failed a fitness test on the back spasm which restricted his involvement during the latter stages of England's innings and 51 runs defeat in the second Test at Adelaide and was replaced by Chris Silverwood, who is yet to have a competitive outing after flying out as a replacement for the injured Simon Jones.