Bacillus anthracis


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Ba·cil·lus an·thra·cis

a bacterial species that causes anthrax in humans, cattle, swine, sheep, rabbits, guinea pigs, and mice; contains virulence plasmids associated with capsule and toxin production.
See: anthrax.
A gram-positive organism which causes often fatal infections when its endospores—resistant to heat, drying, UV light, gamma radiation, and many disinfectants—enter the body and cause septicemia
Military medicine B anthracis has been touted as a viable biological weapon; it was used only once, by the Japanese army in Manchuria in the 1940s

Bacillus anthracis

Infectious disease A gram-positive organism which causes often fatal infections when its endospores–resistant to heat, drying, UV light, gamma radiation, and many disinfectants–enter the body and cause septicemia Military medicine B anthracis has been touted as a viable biological weapon; it was used only once, by the Japanese army in Manchuria in the 1940s. See Anthrax, Biological warfare.

Ba·cil·lus an·thra·cis

(bă-silŭs an-thrāsis)
A bacterial species that causes anthrax in humans and animals; used in bioterrorism.

Ba·cil·lus an·thra·cis

(bă-silŭs an-thrāsis)
Bacterial species that causes anthrax in humans, cattle, swine, and other animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Demonstration of a capsule plasmid in Bacillus anthracis. Infect Immun.
Cutaneous anthrax due to penicillin-resistant bacillus anthracis transmitted by an insect bite.
Clinical importance of Bacillus anthracis cannot be denied, not only due to the fact that Anthrax, the disease it produces, may affect all the mammals, including human beings; but also due to the incidence related to deliberate intent of dissemination of the disease agent (Mebane et al., 2003).
Leoff et al., "Secondary cell wall polysaccharides from Bacillus cereus strains G9241,03BB87 and 03BB102 causing fatal pneumonia share similar glycosyl structures with the polysaccharides from Bacillus anthracis," Glycobiology, vol.
PCR analysis of tissue samples from the 1979 Sverdlovsk anthrax victims: the presence of multiple Bacillus anthracis strains in different victims.
Bacillus anthracis showed the highest sensitivity to all the extracts with the highest zone of inhibition (33mm).
This easy-to-use, automated, and highly accurate real-time PCR (polymerase chain reaction) instrument could detect as few as 30 Bacillus anthracis spores in a U.S.
While working with Doctor Theresa Gallagher and her team at the Biodefense Institute, part of the Medical Biotechnology Centre of the University of Maryland in Baltimore, the two groups of scientists tested the effects of tea and coffee on anthrax, or bacillus anthracis.
Recently our laboratories have designed and tested assays for chromosomal genes (Bacillus anthracis gyrA GenBank accession no.
Some studies have indicated that Bacillus anthracis spores can be killed with MB in the context of commodity and soil fumigation (Kolb & Schneiter, 1950; Pilipenko, 1976; Polyakov, Kulikovskii, & Pilipenko, 1976; Polyakov, Pilipenko, Volkovskii, & Kulikovskii, 1980).
When Bacillus anthracis infects a mammal, it secretes three proteins that together prove lethal.
Spores, Plagues, and History: The Story of Anthrax provides a well-researched, historical perspective on the origin and use not only of anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) but other biological pathogens that have afflicted humans and animals over the centuries, both as an act of nature and as a deliberate act of man.