Bacillus anthracis


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Related to Bacillus anthracis: Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Vibrio cholerae, Bacillus anthracis toxin

Ba·cil·lus an·thra·cis

a bacterial species that causes anthrax in humans, cattle, swine, sheep, rabbits, guinea pigs, and mice; contains virulence plasmids associated with capsule and toxin production.
See: anthrax.

Bacillus anthracis

a species of gram-positive, facultative anaerobe that causes anthrax, a disease primarily of cattle and sheep. The spores of this organism, if inhaled, can cause a pulmonary form of anthrax. Spores can live for many years in animal products, such as hides and wool, and in soil. See also anthrax, woolsorter's disease.
A gram-positive organism which causes often fatal infections when its endospores—resistant to heat, drying, UV light, gamma radiation, and many disinfectants—enter the body and cause septicemia
Military medicine B anthracis has been touted as a viable biological weapon; it was used only once, by the Japanese army in Manchuria in the 1940s

Bacillus anthracis

Infectious disease A gram-positive organism which causes often fatal infections when its endospores–resistant to heat, drying, UV light, gamma radiation, and many disinfectants–enter the body and cause septicemia Military medicine B anthracis has been touted as a viable biological weapon; it was used only once, by the Japanese army in Manchuria in the 1940s. See Anthrax, Biological warfare.

Ba·cil·lus an·thra·cis

(bă-silŭs an-thrāsis)
A bacterial species that causes anthrax in humans and animals; used in bioterrorism.

Ba·cil·lus an·thra·cis

(bă-silŭs an-thrāsis)
Bacterial species that causes anthrax in humans, cattle, swine, and other animals.

Bacillus

a genus of bacteria that are gram-positive, aerobic, spore-forming rods. With the exception of B. anthracis and the occasional wound contamination and bovine mastitis caused by B. cereus, the organisms are largely saprophytic and do not cause disease. However, they may invade devitalized tissue. They do have importance in the area of food preservation.

Bacillus actinoides
streptobacillusmoniliformis.
Bacillus aneurinolyticus, Bacillus thiaminolyticus
are thiaminase-producing bacteria which may proliferate in the rumen and contribute to the cerebral lesions in carbohydrate engorgement and polioencephalomalacia in cattle.
Bacillus anthracis
characterized by its capacity to form spores when exposed to the air and to survive for long periods in soil and other inert materials. Has a characteristic appearance with McFadyean's stain. Causes anthrax in all species.
Bacillus brevis
the source of tyrothricin.
Bacillus cereus
a species causing food poisoning, occasional cases of septicemia and bovine mastitis and abortion.
Bacillus circulans, Bacillus coagulans, Bacillus stearothermophilus
very heat-resistant bacteria which cause fermentation of cereals in canned meat foods. They cause souring but no gas production so that the can does not bulge. Called also flat sour. B. stearothermophilus spores are used to test efficacy of autoclaves.
Bacillus larvae
the cause of American foulbrood in honeybees.
Bacillus licheniformis
reported as a cause of abortion in cattle, sheep and pigs, and also isolated from suppurative lesions of horses and cattle.
Bacillus piliformis
the previous name of clostridiumpiliforme, the cause of tyzzer's disease.
Bacillus polymyxa (Bacillus aerosporus)
strains of this organism are the source of the antibiotic polymyxin.
Bacillus subtilis
a common saprophytic soil and water form, often occurring as a laboratory contaminant, and rarely, in apparently causal relation to pathological processes, such as conjunctivitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Coverage of the Bacillus Anthracis Infections pipeline on the basis of route of administration and molecule type.
Nucleotide sequence and analysis of the lethal factor gene (lef) from Bacillus anthracis.
There have been three published studies relating to Bacillus anthracis exposure to UVGI (Sharp 1939, Knudson 1986 and Dietz 1980), all having different levels of usefulness in identifying the UV dosage required.
Rapid detection of Bacillus anthracis spores directly from powders with an evanescent wave fiber-optic biosensor.
To produce resistant bacteria, separate Bacillus anthracis samples were treated with each antimicrobial agent.
Abraham Sonenshein, Professor and Deputy Chair the Department of Microbiology at Tufts University School of Medicine, have confirmed the ability of the device to kill spores of Bacillus subtilis, a harmless relative of Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax).
A tandem repeats database for bacterial genomes: application to the genotyping of Yersinia pestis and Bacillus anthracis.
The disclaimer sent in each Anthracinum shipment states that customers who believe they require prevention of, or treatment for symptoms of infection caused by bacillus anthracis, should seek medical attention immediately.
The PathAlert Detection System can be used by government, military and research organizations for accurate detection of infectious agents such as Bacillus anthracis (anthrax), Yersinia pestis (plague), Vaccinia (smallpox simulant) and Francisella tularensis (tularemia) in samples collected from the air, food and water.
has announced that a labeling supplement will be submitted for ADOXA(TM) (doxycycline) Tablets to add dosage information for inhalational exposure to Bacillus anthracis (anthrax).
With the recent deliberate exposure of postal workers, other government employees, and the American public to Bacillus anthracis spores, there is an urgent need to devise effective measures to protect U.
Secondary aerosolization of viable Bacillus anthracis spores in a contaminated US Senate office.