BRCA2


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Related to BRCA2: BRCA1

BRCA2

A gene on chromosome 13q12.3 that encodes a protein which, like BRCA1, is involved in maintenance of genome stability, especially the homologous recombination pathway for double-stranded DNA repair; like BRCA1, it carries a marked increase in the lifetime risk of breast and ovarian cancer.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

BRCA2

Molecular oncology A tumor suppressor gene linked to breast and ovarian CA See Tumor suppressor gene.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a second report conducted in 780 patients with sporadic breast cancer (no criteria for family breast cancer), the six founder mutations previously described were studied and it was found that mutations A1708E and 3450delCAAG in BRCA1 were positive in 2.9% and mutation 3034delACAA in BRCA2 was positive in 1.3% of the patients (20).
Despite 100% horizontal coverage of both genes, 35 smMIPs were redesigned, covering the regions of the 17 poorly performing smMIPs for BRCA1 and BRCA2, and adding smMIPs for CHEK2_c.1100del.
Moreover, four different deleterious mutations were identified in BRCA2 gene: the BRCA2 mutation c.7654dupA is predicted to result in the substitution of isoleucine for asparagine at amino acid position 2552 followed by a premature truncation of the BRCA2 protein at amino acid position 2553.
In August 2012, a 3-judge panel of the CAFC reaffirmed its earlier decision on the patent eligibility of isolated and purified BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, leading the plaintiffs to appeal to the Supreme Court for a final resolution.
For this study, data were assessed for 19,581 women with BRCA1 mutations and 11,900 women with BRCA2 mutations for whom there was sufficient information to estimate hazard ratios, said Timothy R.
Breast and ovarian cancers, in particular, commonly have BRCA1, BRCA2, and an emerging set of other inherited gene defects as a base for tumor development.
Study leader Professor Richard Houlston, from the Institute of Cancer Research in London, said: "Our results show that some smokers with BRCA2 mutations are at an enormous risk of lung cancer - somewhere in the region of 25% over their lifetime.
The defect in BRCA2 - best known for its role in breast cancer - increases the risk of developing lung cancer by about 1.8 times.