In order to better understand whether there is a common perception of "national Unity," respondents in the BERCI polls were asked what they thought when one spoke of unity of the Congo.
22) Earlier BERCI polls conducted in Kinshasa show respondents from all regions (residing in Kinshasa) categorically rejecting the idea of partitioning the country.
The responses about the importance of ethnic ties in earlier BERCI surveys is consistent with this observation.
In BERCI surveys through 1998, among the three choices given--federal state (authority decentralized and constitutionally given), unitary state (authority highly centralized) and decentralized unitary state (authority decentralized and conferred by the state)--a federal system of government was preferred by most respondents.
An overwhelming 80 percent of respondents in the BERCI polls and 72 percent in the Gemena poll indicated that they were dissatisfied with the roads in their city.
In earlier BERCI surveys, respondents consistently pointed to the improved security which was provided to persons and property as Laurent Kabila's greatest success.
Only one-quarter of respondents in the BERCI polls and one-third of those in Gemena said they were satisfied.
When asked about the absolute right of different groups to determine their future, half of the BERCI poll respondents and 79 percent of those in Gemena said that minority groups should not have the right to determine their own future.
Of the respondents in the BERCI polls, 54 percent considered the Banyamulenge not to be Congolese and another 20 percent were unsure.
Specifically, the BERCI poll produced the following positive responses for special protection:
Indeed, public opinion surveys conducted by a local polling group, BERCI
, in Kinshasa during 1997 and 1998 show that the Rwandan presence was profoundly unpopular and that Kabila's popularity skyrocketed when he ousted the Rwandans.