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bacille calmette-guérin vaccine, a tuberculosis vaccine containing living, avirulent, bovine-strain tubercle bacilli (Mycobacterium bovis). It may be administered percutaneously by a special technique using a multiple-puncture disk, intracutaneously, or intradermally, and it cannot be given when the patient is reactive to tuberculin, when acute infectious disease is present, or when there is extensive skin disorder. It offers some protection against tuberculosis but cannot be relied on for total control of the disease. In a high percentage of cases the vaccine causes local ulcers at the site of administration. Public health officials in the United States recommend the use of BCG vaccine only for those persons living in communities having a high rate of tuberculosis cases. After vaccination with BCG, the patient will have a positive response to tuberculin tests. See also BCG solution.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
a suspension of an attenuated strain (bacillus Calmette-Guérin) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, bovine type, which is inoculated into the skin for tuberculosis prophylaxis.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
A preparation consisting of attenuated human tubercle bacilli that is used for immunization against tuberculosis.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
BCG vaccineA vaccine containing Bacille Calmette-Guérin, an attenuated strain of the bovine tubercle bacillus. The vaccine is used to confer a measure of immunity on people who, on Mantoux or Heaf testing are shown not to have had a primary infection with tuberculosis. It is equally effective in giving protection against leprosy. BCG vaccine is available in a freeze-dried form. The drug is on the WHO official list. (Leon Charles Albert Calmette, 1863–1933, French surgeon, and Camille Guerin, 1872–1961, French veterinary surgeon).
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
Calmette,Leon Charles Albert, French bacteriologist, 1863-1933.
Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin - an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis used for immunization against tuberculosis and in cancer chemotherapy. Synonym(s): Bacille Calmette-Guérin; Calmette-Guérin bacillus
Bacille Calmette-Guérin - Synonym(s): Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin
bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine - a vaccine for tuberculosis prophylaxis. Synonym(s): BCG vaccine
Calmette test - conjunctival reaction to tuberculin.
Calmette-Guérin bacillus - Synonym(s): Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin
Calmette-Guérin vaccine - Synonym(s): bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012