B-oxidation | definition of B-oxidation by Medical dictionary
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B-oxidation the process during the breakdown of a fatty acid by which two-carbon acetyl groups are removed and combined with coenzyme A to form ACETYL-CoA.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive
It facilitates transfer of cytosolic long-chain fatty acids across the mitochondrial membrane for B-oxidation
, providing a substrate for the oxidative phosphorylation cascade.
It is demonstrated that caffeine induces inhibitory effects of fat accumulation by upregulating the activities of enzymes involved in hepatic b-oxidation
of fatty acid and suppressing the activities of enzymes involved in the fatty acid synthesis.
Straight-chain aldehydes may result from B-oxidation
of unsaturated FA or from amino acids by strecker degradation.
The major pathways of VA biotransformation include b-oxidation
and conjugation with glucuronic acid, and only a smaller part of the metabolism occurs via CYP2D6 isoenzyme-dependent oxidation and desaturation reactions (4).