azide

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az·ide

(az'īd),
A compound that contains the monovalent -N3 group.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

azide

A compound which contains a monovalent N3- group which, despite their toxicity and explosive nature, when combined with other ions, are ubiquitous in modern life.

Examples
Sodium azide (car air bags), zidovudine.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Two different azide core molecules were synthesized from optically active epoxy amine (12) (Figure 7).
The bis-bromoacetyl derivatives due to the influence of carbonyl group are more active in nucleophilic substitution reaction with nucleophiles including sodium azide as compared with [alpha],[omega]-dibromoalkanes.
Relationship between activation, distortion, and interaction energies for cycloaddition of a benzyl azide with glycosyl-O-acetylene.
The azide-alkyne pair of benzyl azide and phenyl acetylene reacted in an aqueous solution of sodium ascorbate containing the Cu(I)-TNFC catalyst; the copper content of the catalyst used in the reaction was 10 [micro]mol.
A mixture of azide 8 (0.252 mmol, 1 eq., 100 mg), alkyne (0.504 mmol, 2 eq.), and Cp*RuCl[(P[Ph.sub.3]).sub.2] (0.005 mmol, 0.02 eq.) in benzene (7mL) was stirred under reflux for 24 h.
Fokin, "Ruthenium-catalyzed cycloaddition of aryl azides and alkynes," Organic Letters, vol.
The simple and most straightforward synthetic method for the preparation of (Beta)- hydroxy azides and (Beta)- hydroxy thiocyanates involves the regioselective ring opening of oxiranes with azide and thiocyanate anions under various reaction conditions [8-11].
A few reasons sodium azide may have been selected for use in airbags are it releases gas fast, the gas it releases is pure nitrogen (of course, when sodium azide is mixed with other explosive or pyrotechnic ingredients, the resulting gas composition is altered), and it's fairly stable when it's inside an airbag system under most environmental conditions automobiles encounter.
Caffeoyl azides, 2-azidoethyl diacetyl caffeate 11 and N-(2-azidoethyl) diacetyl caffeamide 12 (Scheme 2), were obtained similar to their cinnamyl analogs by condensing diacetylcaffeoyl chloride with either 2-azidoethanol or 2azidoethanamine in pyridine/C[H.sub.2][Cl.sub.2] [37].
Poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether acrylate (PEGMA, [M.sub.n] = 480g/mol, Aldrich) was passed through basic alumina column to remove the inhibitor Ethyl [alpha]-bromoisobutyrate (EBIB, 98%, Aldrich), 2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl chloride (Aldrich 99%), CuCl ([greater than or equal to] 99.99%, Aldrich), CuBr (98%, Aldrich), sodium azide (Na[N.sub.3], Sigma-Aldrich), 2,2-bipyridine (bpy, 99%, Fluka), N, N, N', N", N" -pentamethyldiethylenetriamine (PMDETA, 99%, Aldrich), methanol ([greater than or equal to] 99.9, Aldrich), N, NThicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC, 99%, Aldrich), 4-(dimethylamino) pyridine (DMAP, [greater than or equal to] 99.99%, Aldrich), propiolic acid (99%, Aldrich), and N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF, 99%, Aldrich) were used as received.
These compounds were used to obtain azido-BODIPY derivatives from their reaction with sodium azide and alkyne-BODIPYs by reaction with propargyl alcohol [58].