axillary tail


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axillary tail

The fibroadipose tissue in the axilla which contains 12 to 25 lymph nodes and breast and arm lymphatics.

In breast cancer (BC), the number of positive lymph nodes in the axillary tail is one of the most important survival prognostors (the other two are diameter of the tumour and histologic grade—i.e., per the Nottingham Index), where a BC with no positive lymph nodes is associated with a > 80% 5-year survival, while a patient with ≥ 20 positive lymph nodes is associated with a < 20% 5-year survival.

axillary tail

Axillary fat pad Surgery The fibroadipose tissue in the axilla which contains 5 to 25 lymph nodes and breast and arm lymphatics
References in periodicals archive ?
Primary breast cancer and papillary neoplasm of the breast need to be considered in the differential diagnosis if the lesion arises in the breast or axillary tail region.
An approximately 7-cm hypoechoic lesion was found on ultrasonography, which was filling the left breast and a 28 x 16 mm lymph node was detected in the left axillary tail. An approximately 7 cm nodular radioopacity was found in her mammography, which was filling the left breast, and a 28 x 16 mm lymph node was detected in the left axillary tail.
The upper inner quadrant in 63 (14%), lower inner quadrant was involved in 28 patients (6.2%) and axillary tail was involved in 7 patients (1.5%) (table-II, figure).
Foci of extracapsular silicone were felt to be present in the right axillary tail. Intracapsular rupture of the left implant was also noted with MRI linguini sign [3] (Figures 1(a) and 1(b)).
KEY WORDS: Fibroadenoma, axillary tail, ectopic breast tissue, axillary supernumerary breast
It could be: The axillary tail of your breast - the normal part of breast tissue that runs from the lower, outer edge into the armpit.
At the time of surgery, after mobilisation of the axillary tail of breast, these nodes were taken out from the axillary fat pad separately, their localisation being guided by skin marking (Figure 2).
On clinical examination, she was found to have a 4x4cm fungating mass in her axillary tail of the right breast.
Inframammary incisions are not used for the mastectomy because of two potential failures: (1) effective access to remove the whole breast parenchyma including the upper outer quadrant and axillary tail; and (2) the danger of ischaemia of the breast lower pole skin between the inframammary incision and the nipple.
# Models also specified binary variables for age groups (< 50, 50-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, 80-84, 85+), tumor sizes (<2 cm, 2-5 cm, 5+cm), positive lymph node involvement, tumor grade groups (1, 2, 3, 4, 9-unknown), tumor location groups (nipple, central portion, upper-inner quad, lower-inner quad, upper-outer quad, lower-outer quad, axillary tail, overlapping lesion, not-stated), Charlson commorbidity index (0, 1, 2, 3+), residence zip code poverty percentage (#7, 7-10, 10-13, 13-20, > 20), distance from residence to nearest hospital, (#2.83, 2.83-9, 9-15, > 15), payer (Medicaid, Medicare, Blue Cross/Blue Shield, other private other government, self pay) and year of diagnosis (1989, 1990, 1991 1992, 1993, 1994).
Physical examination revealed a lump in left axillary tail region of breast measuring 11*8 cm (Fig.