axillary lymph nodes


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ax·il·lar·y lymph nodes

[TA]
numerous nodes around the axillary veins that receive the lymphatic drainage from the upper limb, scapular region,and pectoral region (including mammary gland); they drain into the subclavian trunk.

ax·il·lar·y lymph nodes

(ak'si-lār-rē limf nōdz) [TA]
Numerous nodes around the axillary veins that receive the lymphatic drainage from the upper limb, scapular region, and pectoral region (including mammary glands); they drain into the subclavian trunk.
References in periodicals archive ?
Similarly, the number of metastatic axillary lymph nodes in patients who died was statistically significantly higher than in patients who survived.20 Despite the limited number of patients present in our study,findings suggest that axillary lymph node metastasis and the stage of the disease affect survival significantly.
Axillary lymph nodes were examined for the total number of lymph nodes removed, number of positive lymph nodes (pN), and lymph node ratio (LNR.) The number of positive lymph nodes on histopathological examination was stratified according to the staging system of the American Joint Committee on Cancer and The Union for International Cancer Control (AJCC/UICC) into pNl (1-3 positive lymph nodes), pN2 (4-9 positive lymph nodes), and pN3 (>10 positive lymph nodes) (14, 15).
The axillary lymph nodes are divided into three different levels as level I level II and level III pectorals minor muscle in used as a Land mark for this division.
Patients, then, underwent modified radical mastectomy with dissection of axillary lymph nodes (ALN) and the samples were sent for histopathology.
The international, multi-centre, two-arm, randomised, open-label and phase III study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of Kadcyla against Herceptin as an adjuvant therapy in people with HER2-positive eBC who have pathological residual disease in the breast or axillary lymph nodes following neoadjuvant therapy that included Herceptin and taxane-based chemotherapy.
In this report, we argue that the histopathological evaluation of axillary lymph nodes that are considered radiologically suspicious can prevent possible staging errors, as in our case that was diagnosed with primary breast carcinoma.
However, sentinel lymph node (SLN) analysis is the accepted method for staging axillary lymph nodes (1).
There were palpable left axillary lymph nodes. The rest of the physical examination was unremarkable.
Caption: Figure 4: PET scan before treatment: (a) bone metastasis (hot lesions); (b) left axillary lymph nodes, and bone and lung metastasis; (c) multiple spine metastasis; (d) left lung hot lesion (adenocarcinoma); (e) left axillary lymph node metastasis.
The co-primary endpoints of the study were risk difference (RD) and risk ratio (RR) of pathologic complete response in breast tissue and axillary lymph nodes, and the prespecified equivalence margins were +/-13 percent for RD and 0.759 to 1.318 for RR.