avoidant personality disorder

(redirected from Avoidance behaviour)
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avoidant

 [ah-voi´dant]
characterized by avoidance or moving away from something.
avoidant disorder of childhood and adolescence former name for a disorder now included under the diagnosis of social phobia.
avoidant personality disorder a personality disorder marked by extreme shyness and sensitivity to rejection. Because of this sensitivity, the person becomes socially withdrawn and forms relationships only with those willing to give uncritical acceptance. The self-esteem of such a person is naturally low. Fear of embarrassment prevents the patient from undertaking risks or new activities. In spite of the social withdrawal, the avoidant personality has a great desire for affection and companionship.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

a·void·ant per·son·al·i·ty dis·or·der

1. an enduring and pervasive pattern in adulthood characterized by hypersensitivity to rejection, humiliation, shame, feelings of inadequacy resulting in social inhibition, and an unwillingness to enter into relationships without unusually strong guarantees of uncritical acceptance.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

avoidant personality disorder

n.
A personality disorder characterized by fear of rejection or disapproval in social situations, feelings of inadequacy, and extreme sensitivity to criticism.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

avoidant personality disorder

Psychology A pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation, which begins by early adulthood, and is present in various contexts
Avoidant personality disorder-DSM 301.82
Requires 4 + of the following
Avoids occupational activities
involving significant interpersonal contact, due to fear of criticism, disapproval, or rejection
Unwilling to get involved
with people unless certain of being liked
Restraint in intimate relationships
due to fear of ridicule or shame
Preoccupied
with social criticism or rejection
Inhibited in new interpersonal situations
due to feelings of inadequacy
Negative self image
Views self as socially inept, unappealing, or inferior to others
Reluctant to take risks
or engage in activites that have the potential for being embarrassing
Modified from DSM-IV, Am Psych Asso, Washington DC, 1994
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

avoidant personality disorder

A disorder characterized by a persistent and excessive shrinkage from contact with unfamiliar people, of such degree as to interfere with normal social functioning. A pathological degree of shyness.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"Increasing our understanding of disgust like this could provide new insights into the mechanisms of disease avoidance behaviour, and help us develop new methods to keep our environments, fellow animals and ourselves healthy."
Based on the deceleration pattern and the three phases described in Figure 6, the rear-end avoidance behaviour model was presented as follows:
More specifically, experiments have been performed studying avoidance behaviour in animals.
There are a few studies which analyse the relation between performance level, fear avoidance behaviour and depressive symptoms in patients with low back pain.6,23,24 Reneman et al.
The client was a 37-year-old married woman with two young daughters working as a community psychiatric nurse who requested assistance with driving difficulties following a number of accidents, and maintained by avoidance behaviour. This avoidance was affecting her professional and personal life and she was keen to see whether the use of hypnotic procedures in conjunction with a behavioural driving programme could help her.
Ultrasound avoidance behaviour in the bushcricket Tettigonia viridissima (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae).
In the latest work, the authors implemented on the Khepera III mobile robot a neuro-fuzzy controller which realizes the obstacle avoidance behaviour (Popescu et al., 2008).
Battling PTSD and avoidance behaviour, the court heard how her level of distress made her difficult to interview.
Its most concerning consequence is the mathematics avoidance behaviour that results from high levels of fear.
By challenging and reversing the avoidance behaviour that maintains an adverse mood state, feelings that contribute to that mood state can be improved.
This is an extreme instance of dental anxiety which creates a pattern of total avoidance behaviour even without a previous traumatic experience.
About a quarter (24.5%) of the women reported that they were avoiding intercourse at all times during their pregnancy, 49.1% were avoiding it some of the time, and 26.4% reported no avoidance behaviour. Among the reasons these women gave for avoiding intercourse during pregnancy were, "it can harm the baby" (49.1%), "it can cause abortion" (25.2%), "my sexual desire decreased" (22.6%), and "I have physical difficulties" (22.0%).