avoidant personality disorder

(redirected from Avoidance behavior)
Also found in: Dictionary.

avoidant

 [ah-voi´dant]
characterized by avoidance or moving away from something.
avoidant disorder of childhood and adolescence former name for a disorder now included under the diagnosis of social phobia.
avoidant personality disorder a personality disorder marked by extreme shyness and sensitivity to rejection. Because of this sensitivity, the person becomes socially withdrawn and forms relationships only with those willing to give uncritical acceptance. The self-esteem of such a person is naturally low. Fear of embarrassment prevents the patient from undertaking risks or new activities. In spite of the social withdrawal, the avoidant personality has a great desire for affection and companionship.

a·void·ant per·son·al·i·ty dis·or·der

1. an enduring and pervasive pattern in adulthood characterized by hypersensitivity to rejection, humiliation, shame, feelings of inadequacy resulting in social inhibition, and an unwillingness to enter into relationships without unusually strong guarantees of uncritical acceptance.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.

avoidant personality disorder

n.
A personality disorder characterized by fear of rejection or disapproval in social situations, feelings of inadequacy, and extreme sensitivity to criticism.

avoidant personality disorder

Psychology A pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation, which begins by early adulthood, and is present in various contexts
Avoidant personality disorder-DSM 301.82
Requires 4 + of the following
Avoids occupational activities
involving significant interpersonal contact, due to fear of criticism, disapproval, or rejection
Unwilling to get involved
with people unless certain of being liked
Restraint in intimate relationships
due to fear of ridicule or shame
Preoccupied
with social criticism or rejection
Inhibited in new interpersonal situations
due to feelings of inadequacy
Negative self image
Views self as socially inept, unappealing, or inferior to others
Reluctant to take risks
or engage in activites that have the potential for being embarrassing
Modified from DSM-IV, Am Psych Asso, Washington DC, 1994

avoidant personality disorder

A disorder characterized by a persistent and excessive shrinkage from contact with unfamiliar people, of such degree as to interfere with normal social functioning. A pathological degree of shyness.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nonetheless, neuronal sensory pathways are important for inherited avoidance, because avoidance behavior in both mothers and their progeny was associated with upregulated expression of several neuronally-associated genes.
They found some parallels among variables of avoidance behavior for both human and nonhuman species, such as maintaining avoidance behavior, acquisition of alternative responses, and the effects of the exteroceptive stimuli.
Self-regulation theories, describing the processes by which one attempts to gain control over behavior, thoughts, feelings, desires, and actions in the service of goal attainment [6, 7] provide useful insights into a range of phenomena including avoidance behavior and attentional processes [8].
Behavioral changes by Wood Frog tadpoles in response to these stimuli have been well documented and the reduction in activity observed here is a common predator avoidance behavior in this species (Kats et al.
During this phase, the fish started to display distinct avoidance behavior characterized by abrupt changes in horizontal direction from nearly parallel to nearly perpendicular to the path of the camera vehicle.
While this paper doesn't get at the costs of avoidance behavior--it focuses on its existence and implications--a follow-on paper with Joshua Graff Zivin attempts to do so by looking at intertemporal avoidance behavior. (2) In particular, responses may differ depending on how frequently alerts are issued.
Caption: Figure 12: The avoidance behavior of the robot under pattern 9.
The definition of "avoidance behavior" is "a defense mechanism by which a person removes him or herself from unpleasant situations." Discussions about Israel--and our relationship to Israel--can sometimes become unpleasant.
In both scenarios, the lawyers are engaging in what is called avoidance behavior. In psychology, avoidance coping, or escape coping, is a maladaptive coping mechanism characterized by the effort to avoid dealing with a stressor.
Hopefully it is a sign that Americans are breaking the vacation avoidance behavior of recent years and actually taking advantage of their days off.
As occurs in other joints, functional tests used to evaluate Cam FAI could be designed to reproduce the symptoms (e.g., the classical impingement test) or to provoke "avoidance behavior" to protect against pain, which likewise could be interpreted as a positive sign.
As the biologic SE alters sensitivity to aversive events, contact with these events (environmental challenges, SLE symptoms) function as a motivating operation that increases the strength of negative reinforcement for behavioral inactivity (avoidance behavior).