Avena sativa

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.


Alternative nutrition
Oats are regarded by many as a healthy food; they are rich in beta-glucans, a type of soluble fibre, which reduces serum cholesterol by up to 10%. Oats also contains avenalin and avenin, proteins which are nearly as high in quality as soy protein and equal to that of meat, milk and eggs; the protein yield of hull-less kernel is up to 24%, the highest of all cereals.

Herbal medicine
An annual grass that contains proteins (e.g., avenalin), alkaloids (e.g., trigonelline), fats, minerals (calcium, copper, iron, magnesium and zinc), saponins, a sterol flavonoid and vitamin B; they are used as a nerve tonic and for depression and insomnia.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Oat (Avena sativa L.) is one of the most cultivated Poaceae in the world and has numerous purposes including grain production, forage, hay, silage, soil coverage, and green manure.
Armstrong, 1994.Genomic in situ hybridization in Avena sativa. Genome, 37: 607-612
Passiflora and Avena sativa are often taken together to help to combat both the physical and mental symptoms of stress, helping to prolong sleep time, relieve muscle tension and alleviate mild anxiety.
Medical herbalist Simon Mills, director of the Centre for Complementary Health at Exeter University, says: "Avena sativa, the ingredient in Vigorex, is totally useless.
ARS plant geneticist Howard Rines has successfully crossed oats, Avena sativa, and corn, Zea mays, in a quest to develop an oat plant more resistant to a crown rust, Puccinia coronata f.
Impact of organic and inorganic sources of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of forage oat (Avena sativa L.).
The exposure of the forage grasses to the heavy metals resulted in lower biomass production, but this plants can contribute to the process of phytoremediation of contaminated soils as they have higher biomass production than other plant species considered heavy metal hyperaccumulators (e.g., Noccaea caerulescens and Arenaria orbiculata), even with the reported productivity losses; in this regard, Panicum maximum, Avena sativa, and Lolium perenne stood out for being more tolerant to heavy metals than the other evaluated species.
The ambition for the conductance of this work was to investigate mineral position of forage (Avena sativa L.) and soil.
Avena sativa (oat) extracts (ASE) enriched with avenanthramides have the ability to moisturize, soothe, and reduce itching when applied topically.
Mixtures of oat (Avena sativa L.) with Egyptian clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) under different seeding rates (100% oat+100%Egyptian clover, 75% oat+100% Egyptian clover, 50% oat+100% Egyptian clover, 25% oat+100% Egyptian clover, 0% oat+1000% Egyptian clover, and 100% oat+0% Egyptian clover) harvested at various growth stages of oat (stem elongation, booting and early heading) were evaluated for dry matter production.