* In an ongoing terroir experiment at Conn Creek Winery, winemaker Jeff McBride makes individual wines from all 14 AVAs
in Napa, plus the proposed Calistoga AVA
Fifteen years ago, the mere mention of establishing subappellations within the Paso Robles American Viticultural Area (AVA
) caused contentious dispute among the region's vintners and growers.
Bokisch told Wines & Vines that in the beginning, no one really knew how many AVAs
they would end up with.
Wineries using Red Mountain fruit could only use the Yakima Valley AVA
or the Columbia Valley AVA
to describe where these wines originated from.
The Unyon ng mga Manggagawa sa Agrikultura (UMA) stated that the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) wants to maintain Agri-business Venture Agreement (AVA
) to reconcentrate agricultural lands to landlords and foreign agro-corporations.
By law, a 2015 Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon sold in interstate commerce is required to be made from at least 85% grapes grown within the boundaries of the Napa Valley AVA
, at least 95% of grapes from the 2015 vintage and at least 75% Cabernet Sauvignon, and be fully finished in California.
The study, which made an assessment of AVAs
in Mindanao, added that the ARBs' 'lack of understanding is exacerbated by insufficient legal representation and transparency issues from their own cooperative leaders.'
Results: Out of 35 AVA
, 20 (57.1%) radiocephalic (RCAVA), 11(31.4%) brachiocephalic (BCAVA) and 4 (11.4%) brachiobasilic (BBAVA) were made.
are agreements between private multinational and local plantation corporations and big landlords with agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs), settlers, indigenous peoples and even landlords, it says.
The DAR's Administrative Order 09, which is currently under review, defines AVA
as "the entrepreneurial collaboration between ARBs and investors to implement an agribusiness venture involving lands distributed under the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP)."
Bill Earle, former assistant director of the ATF, says, "The agency has long been wary that industry members might try to establish AVAs
for marketing reasons, without adequate scientific evidence.