autosome

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autosome

 [aw´to-sōm]
any of the 22 pairs of chromosomes in humans other than the pair concerned with determination of sex.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

au·to·some

(aw'tō-sōm),
Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome; autosomes normally occur in pairs in somatic cells and singly in gametes.
Synonym(s): euchromosome
[auto- + G. sōma, body]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

autosome

(ô′tə-sōm′)
n.
A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.

au′to·so′mal (-sō′məl) adj.
au′to·so′mal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

autosome

A non-sex (non-X, non-Y) chromosome which in normal humans is one of 22 pairs of chromosomes.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

autosome

Cytogenetics Any chromosome in an organism's complement–22 pairs in humans–other than sex chromosomes, X and Y See Chromosome, Diploid, Genome. Cf Sex chromosome.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

au·to·some

(aw'tō-sōm)
Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome; autosomes normally occur in pairs in somatic cells and singly in gametes.
[auto- + G. sōma, body]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

autosome

Any one of the ordinary paired CHROMOSOMES other than the sex chromosomes.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

autosome

a type of chromosome found in all cells not concerned with SEX DETERMINATION. Chromosomes are of two types: autosomes and SEX CHROMOSOMES. Autosomes carry the major part of genetic information in cells, including information on sexual characteristics. See SEX LINKAGE for a comparison of the inheritance of autosomal and sex-linked genes.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Autosome

A chromosome not involved in sex determination.
Mentioned in: Peroxisomal Disorders
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
They may be more sensitive to low template levels and sufficient in discriminatory power for forensic application if used as an additional system to clarify and confirm autosomal DNA profiles.
Tim Janzen, a genetic genealogist and leading researcher in the use of autosomal DNA. "The exciting thing about autosomal DNA testing for genealogical purposes is that this type of testing can identify cousins that you have not previously known about."

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