Author Misconduct

Author fraud in the form of the listing of a person as an author of a journal article or contribution in which the ‘author’ did not personally participate, or one in which a vested—financial—or other interest is served
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The journal's editor makes a retraction decision based on either error by the author or journal, or on the more serious reason of author misconduct.
The speakers defined author misconduct as plagiarism (using someone else's text verbatim for example, or even your own text as self-plagiarism--intentional or not) and falsification or fabrication of data and reporting it (changing or making up data to improve the results).
However, before members congratulate themselves, they should consider this: these same academic pressures also encourage author misconduct, which would present itself in an identical manner, with increased publications and authorships.