Austrobilharzia

Austrobilharzia

a genus of digenetic trematodes of the family Schistosomatidae.

Austrobilharzia variglandis
principally a parasite of waterfowl but can also cause dermatitis in mammals that frequent shallow aquatic environments.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of certain environmental factors on emergence of cercariae of Austrobilharzia variglandis.
Documented cases (1,14-21) have been attributed to species of Austrobilharzia Johnston 1917, the adults of which most commonly infect gulls and shorebirds (14).
The Bureau of Vector Control of the California Department of Health Services identified the cercariae as Austrobilharzia variglandis (Miller and Northrup 1926) collected from the eastern Atlantic mudsnail Ilyanassa obsoleta (Say 1822) (Hypsogastropoda: Nassariidae) syn.
The only other known marine schistosomes belong to species of the genera Austrobilharzia and Ornithobilharzia Ohdner 1912, which are distantly related to the BTGD clade (Figure 4).
The marine dermatitis-producing cercaria of Austrobilharzia variglandis in California (Trematoda: Schistosomatidae).
The bird schistosome Austrobilharzia terrigalensis from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia.
One species of schistosome often implicated in cases of cercarial dermatitis is Austrobilharzia variglandis, whose normal hosts are ducks.
Adult worms (Trichobilharzia, Gigantobilharzia, Austrobilharzia, Ornithobilharzia, Microbilharzia, and Heterobilharzia) are found in the gastrointestinal tract of the bird host.
Species of avian schistosomes include Trichobilharzia, Gigantobilharzia, Austrobilharzia, Ornithobilharzia, Microbilharzia, and Heterobilharzia and are found worldwide.
Schistosome cercarial dermatitis is caused by avian schistosomes (Trichobilharzia, Gigantobilharzia, Austrobilharzia, Ornithobilharzia, Microbilharzia, and Heterobilharzia in North America) found in ducks, geese, gulls, and swans, and by schistosomes of certain aquatic mammals (such as muskrats and beavers).
Cercarial dermatitis (swimmer's itch) is caused by several genera of avian schistosomes including Trichobilharzia, Gigantobilharzia, Austrobilharzia, Ornithobilharzia, Microbilharzia, and Heterobilharzia.