Australian bat Lyssavirus


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Australian bat Lyssavirus

a viral species that once caused a fatal rabieslike disease in a woman in Australia.
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"Dead bats present a health hazard as they may still be infectious with Australian bat lyssavirus. The health advice for anyone cleaning up dead bats is ideally they should have had a full course of vaccination for rabies, they should wear adequate personal protective equipment and use a shovel, rather than using their hands," he said.
The genus Lyssavirus includes fourteen species which are classified by their genomic sequence; they are the RABV Lagos bat virus (LBV), Mokola virus (MOKV), Duvenhage virus (DUVV), European bat lyssavirus type 1 (EBLV1), European bat lyssavirus type 2 (EBLV2), Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV), Aravan virus (ARAV) and Khujand virus (KHUV), Irkut virus (IRKV), West Caucasian bat virus (WCBV), Bokeloh bat lyssavirus (BBLV), Ikoma Lyssavirus (IKOV) and Shimoni bat virus (SHIBV).
The zoonotic diseases Australian Bat Lyssavirus and Hendra virus both require close contact with bats, or horses infected from bats, respectively.
There are 14 recognized species in the genus Lyssavirus: rabies virus (RABV), Lagos bat virus, Mokola virus (MOKV), Duvenhage virus, European bat lyssavirus types 1 and 2, Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV), Aravan virus (ARAV), Khujand virus, Irkut virus, Shimoni bat virus, Bokeloh bat lyssavirus, West Caucasian bat virus, and Ikoma lyssavirus (IKOV) (1).
Dentro del genero Lyssavirus, se incluyen 14 genotipos que son: Aravan virus, Australian bat lyssavirus, Bokeloh bat lyssavirus, Duvenhage virus, European bat lyssavirus, Ikoma lyssavirus, Irkut virus, Khujand virus, Lagos bat virus, Mokola virus, Rabies virus, Shimonibat virus, West Caucasian bat virus (4).
There is also information about managing rabies and Australian bat lyssavirus exposures.
O genero Lyssavirus inclui 11 especies conhecidas (Tabela 1), e 11 genotipos identificados ate o momento, consistindo no virus classico da raiva (RABV, genotipo 1), Lagos bat virus (LBV, genotipo 2), Mokola virus (MOKV, genotipo 3), Duvenhage virus (DUVV, genotipo 4), European bat lyssavirus (EBLV-1, genotipo 5), European bat lyssavirus (EBLV-2, genotipo 6), e Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV, genotipo 7).
Phylogroup I comprises the worldwide serotype 1 [classical rabies virus and Australian Bat Lyssavirus (ABL)] (28), (29), serotype 4 (Duvenhage virus), serotype 5 [European Bat Lyssavirus 1 (EBL-1)] and serotype 6 [European Bat Lyssavirus 2 (EBL-2)] (30), (31).
* Note--Only volunteers who are trained in bat handling and have current vaccinations against Australian Bat Lyssavirus can handle the bats directly and take measurements.
Within the genus Lyssavirus, 12 species have been described: Rabies virus (RABV), Lagos bat virus (LBV), Mokola virus (MOKV), Duvenhage virus (DUVV), European bat lyssavirus types 1 and 2 (EBLV-1 and -2), Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV), Aravan virus (ARAV), Khujand virus (KHUV), Irkut virus (IRKV), West Causasian bat virus (WCBV), and Shimoni bat virus (SHIBV).
The genus Lyssavirus within the family Rhabdoviridae contains 11 viruses: rabies virus (RABV), Lagos bat virus, Mokola virus, Duvenhage virus, European bat lyssaviruses types 1 and 2 (EBLV-1 and EBLV-2), Australian bat lyssavirus, Aravan virus (ARAV), Khujand virus (KHUV), Irkut virus, and West Caucasian bat virus (2).
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