spectroscopy helped in understanding the nature of these surface layers.
However, the energy shift observed in the Auger electrons
in Figure 2(a) hides details that are revealed by the second derivative method, as shown in Figure 3, adopting the method described in  but using the Savitzky-Golay smoothing procedure.
spectroscopy of grain boundary segregation of impurities was performed after irradiation at 400[degrees]C.
spectroscopy data were collected on PHI 680 Auger nanoprobe equipped with a field emission electron gun and a cylindrical mirror kinetic energy analyzer.
Allen, "Multifunctional block copolymer micelles for the delivery of 111in to EGFR-positive breast cancer cells for targeted Auger electron
radiotherapy," Molecular Pharmaceutics, vol.
In general, the energetic position of an Auger electron
peak is a characteristic of the element (i.e., the binding energies of the three electronic states involved) and its chemical state.
The energy imparted to the Auger electron
is dependent on the position of the electron energy levels involved.
spectra depth profile of [Al.sub.2][O.sub.3] film with and without NiAl buffer layer after 600[degrees]C test are given in Figure 4.
The Microlab 350 from Thermo VG Scientific is another combined instrument, incorporating auger electron
spectrometry, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and reflected EELS.
An examination of the surface using Auger Electron
Spectroscopy indicated that high levels of nickel and oxygen were present compared to as-plated samples.
While EDX provides useful composition information for relatively large particles, Auger electron
spectroscopy (AES) is more conclusive for compositional analysis of defects in the submicron size range.
We determine such structures by Low Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED) and Auger Electron
Spectroscopy (AES), after contamination-free transfer from solution to vacuum in a custom-designed apparatus.