Ghaffarzadegan, "Optimization of atropine extraction process from atropa
belladonna by modified bubble column extractor with ultrasonic bath," Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, vol.
* The name Atropa
is derived from that of the Greek goddess Atropos, one of the three Greek fates or destinies who would determine the course of a man's life by the weaving of threads that symbolized his birth, the events in his life and finally his death; with Atropos cutting these threads to mark the last of these.
belladonna (family: Solanaceae), commonly known as "deadly nightshade" or "devil's berries," is native to Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia.
Ali, "Role of putrescine in salt tolerance of Atropa
belladonna plant," Plant Science, vol.
The availability of complete nucleotide sequences of plastid genomes of ten solanaceous species, Atropa
belladonna (NC_004561.1; ), Capsicum annuum (NC_018552.1; ), Datura stramonium (NC_018117.1; Li et al.
The action of muscarine is antagonized by atropine, which is a product of the plant called Atropa
bella-donna (beautiful lady): the plant shrub has been used for visual appeal, as atropine causes dilation of the pupils (mydriasis).
acuminata Royle ex Lindley Root and leaves narcotic, sedative, diuretic Bergenia ciliata (Haw.) Sternb.
The synthetic production of these alkaloids is more expensive than their extraction from plant materials and they are, therefore, currently industrially extracted from various Solanaceous plants belonging to the genera Atropa
, Duboisia, Datura and Hyoscyamus.
anesfal, tanesfalt Solanaceae 484 Atropa
This is a natural alkaloid extracted from the deadly nightshade (Atropa