ATP synthase

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ATP synthase

An enzyme that catalyzes the addition of a phosphate group to adenosine diphosphate to produce adenosine triphosphate.
See also: synthase
References in periodicals archive ?
However, under extreme high temperature conditions, ATP synthesis could be accelerated, but more energy might be consumed to maintain steady balance in P.
(35) In fact, our data showed a rapid decrease in the ATP level from 12 h onward, i.e, during transition to the dark period; thus, light-driven ATP synthesis may be attributable to the low ATP level observed during the M phase.
Minocycline, for example, inhibits ATP synthesis and calcium retention in the mitochondria in brain cells.
These pointed out that ginger drink might effectively enhance glucose supply for ATP synthesis, delay fatigue, reduce exercise-induced oxidative stress, boost recovery and sports performance.
CoQ-10 is a lipid-soluble molecule, with an important role in ATP synthesis. It protects against oxidative stress and improves sperm motility.
It must be emphasized that "activity-driven ATP synthesis" in the synapse occurs for a short time in a very limited space - only in the area of the activated neuron.
Then, oligomycin (the ATP-synthase inhibitor, 1.5 [micro]M) was added to estimate respiration independent of ATP synthesis. To evaluate the maximal capacity of ETC, the protonophore FCCP was titrated at different concentrations (0.75-1.25 [micro]M) until a maximal respiration level was reached.
Important in glucose metabolism, important for proper muscle functions and immune system, keep bones strong and healthy, regulate glucose level in blood, help in ATP synthesis, also important for proper functioning of heart (Mason et al., 2011; Yu, 2011).
Table 1 shows a summary of some of those shrimp proteins that may play central roles within the mitochondria, including those from metabolic pathways such as the Krebs cycle, the electron transport chain, and ATP synthesis.
Koul, "Respiratory ATP synthesis: the new generation of mycobacterial drug targets?" FEMS Microbiology Letters, vol.