Atopobium


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Atopobium

(at-ō-pō'bē-um),
An obligatorily anaerobic genus of gram-positive, non-spore-bearing bacteria that appear as cocci and coccobacilli, sometimes in short chains. The type species is Atopobium parvulus, a slow-growing organism forming tiny colonies on standard media. formerly called Peptostreptococcus parvulus and Streptococcus parvulus.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

A·to·po·bi·um

(at-ō-pō'bē-um)
An obligately anaerobic genus of gram-positive, non-spore-bearing bacteria that appear as cocci and coccobacilli, sometimes in short chains. The type species is A. parvulus, a slow-growing organism forming tiny colonies on standard media, formerly called Peptostreptococcus parvulus and Streptococcus parvulus.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Fragments of 340 bp, 341 bp, 343 bp, 344 bp, 345 bp, 347 bp, 349 bp, 353 bp, 354 bp, 356 bp, 361 bp, 363 bp, 368 bp, and 375 bp were classified, respectively, as coming from genera Mycobacterium , Ureaplasma or Mycoplasma , Sneathia , Corynebacterium , Atopobium , Gardnerella , Mobiluncus , Prevotella , Actinomyces , Staphylococcus , Anaerococcus , Peptoniphilus , Megasphaera, and Lactobacillus .
iners (CSTIII), whereas CSTIV is characterized by low proportions of lactobacilli and is composed of a diverse mixture of primarily strict anaerobic bacteria including species of the genera Gardnerella, Atopobium, Mobiluncus, Prevotella and other taxa in the order Clostridiales, as seen with states of BV.
These genera were Atopobium, Beggiatoa, Burkholderia, Collinsella, Comamonas, Finegoldia, Fusobacterium, Gemella, Listeria, Methanobrevibacter, Parvimonas, Peptoniphilus, Peptostreptococcus, Porphyromonas, Selenomonas, Shuttleworthia, Solobacterium, Thermoanaerobacter, Verrucomicrobiales, and Yersinia.
Tennert et al., (102) after sequencing the 16S rRNA genes of isolated microorganisms, reported the presence of Anaerococcus prevotii, Atopobium rimae, Dialistes invisus, and Fusobacterium nucleatum.
Prevotella, Atopobium, Pyramidobacter, Dialister, and Fusobacterium were relatively abundant in Group C Figure 5.
Peptostreptococcus anaerobius and Atopobium parvulum, two anaerobic pansensitive bacteria, were isolated and identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF), using the Bruker database as reference for the microorganism identification process (Bruker Daltonics GmbH, Bremen, Germany).
The authors demonstrated a significant reduction in the proportion of Lactobacilli, Bacteroides/ Prevotella, and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and an increase in the proportion of Ruminococcus, Atopobium, and Enterobacteriacae in older persons with high frailty scores [141].
Meanwhile, all of the women taking metronidazole cleared Atopobium vaginae, anaerobic gram-negative rods, and anaerobic gram-positive cocci, while one-third of women in the placebo group did not (P = .02).
Dahchour et al., "Unravelling the bacterial vaginosis-associated biofilm: a multiplex Gardnerella Vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae fluorescence in situ hybridization assay using peptide nucleic acid probes," PLOS ONE, vol.
The following bacterial species were eliminated: Actinomces viscocus, Actinomyces israelii, Atopobium parvulum, Bifidobacterium ovatus, Clostridiumbotulinum, Eubacterium saburreum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus fermentum, and Propionibacterium granulosum, classified as Gram(+) anaerobes.
We observed that women who had spontaneous abortion showed significant increases (P < 0.05) in Atopobium vaginae, Megasphaera spp., Gardnerella vaginalis, Leptotrichia amnionii, and Sneathia sanguinegens compared to nonabortion group (Table 2).
Bacteria Sexually transmitted: Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonnorhoea, Trichomonas vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium vagiane, Bacteroides fragilis, Prevotella bivia, Mobiluncus mulieris, Molbiluncus curtisii, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum etc.