articulatio atlantoepistrophica

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articulatio atlantoepistrophica

An obsolete term which combined both the articulatio atlantoaxialis lateralis (lateral atlantoaxial joint) and articulatio atlantoaxialis mediana (median atlantoaxial joint).
References in periodicals archive ?
C1, C2 arthodesis is the treatment for many congenital or acquired diseases leading to instability or subluxation of atlanto-axial joint, The occippito-atlanto-axial region is transition zone between the more standard vertebral design and the radically different skull.
In a research on dried skulls and cadavers, osteophytes on the articular surfaces of the median atlanto-axial joint (n = 63), third occipital condyles (n = 3) and the free ossicles (n = 22) were found.
31) For example, cervical spine manipulation in patients with RA is considered an absolute contraindication due to instability of the atlanto-axial joint and predisposition to transverse ligament rupture.
KEY WORDS: Atlas, Axis, Atlanto-axial joint, posterior cervical pedicle screw fixation.
A midline incision was made to expose the posterior elements of C1 to C3, and then the atlanto-axial joint was exposed.
The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the sacroiliac joint and computerized tomography (CT) of atlanto-axial joint were normal.
About 15 percent of children with Down syndrome have atlanto-axial joint instability.
The atlanto-axial joint allows free rotation of the atlas on the odontoid process of the axis and provides for a stable configuration in flexion, extension and lateral bending.
Manual therapists treating neck complaints need to be aware of this anomaly considering that instability of the atlanto-axial joint secondary to an os odontoideum can have serious consequences.
Fifty-five (55%) of total cervical movement (most prominently rotation) is provided by the atlanto-axial joint (C1-C2), which houses the trigeminal spinal tract subnucleus and C1-C2 dorsal horns.