refugee

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Related to Asylum-seekers: refugee status

refugee

A person who:
(1) has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group;
(2) is outside the country he or she belongs to or normally resides in; and
(3) is unable or unwilling to return home for fear of persecution.

Refugees may include those fleeing from war or civil disturbance of any kind; a permutation is that of an ‘internally displaced’ person who moves within the borders of one country for the same reasons. The mortality rate of refugees is 60-fold greater than that of a similar non-displaced population; it is highest in children and is due to measles, diarrhoea-related illnesses, acute upper RTIs, malaria and is in part related to the virtually endemic protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that characterise the refugee state; diarrhoea is the most common cause of death (36,000 children die/day of diarrhoea).

Refugees have been called the fourth world, and have included Afghans, Armenians, Bengalis, Biafrans, Bosnians, Cambodians, Chileans, Croats, Cubans, Czechoslovakians, Ethiopians, Hungarians, Iraqis, Laotians, Liberians, Palestinians, Russians, Rwandans, Serbs, Somalis, Vietnamese, and cross religious lines—Jews, Hindis, and Muslims Records.

In the UK, refugees are entitled to benefits.

refugee

A person fleeing danger or distress, esp. in times of war or political persecution.
References in periodicals archive ?
Asylum-seekers are usually put up in accommodation around Britain while they wait for the government's decision on whether or not they will be allowed to stay as refugees.
Journal: Australia seems to have further restricted their policies towards letting in asylum-seekers in recent years.
Fourth, where asylum-seekers do receive benefits, the money comes from central, not local, government.
However, eight in 10 of those polled believe the immigration laws should be changed to allow asylum-seekers the chance to earn money or further their studies.
Many asylum-seeker families spent time living in unacceptable conditions prior to presenting to the project.
Mike Lewis, chief executive of the Welsh Refugee Council, believes that suspicion of asylum-seekers is receding as people learn more about the men, women and children with whom they share the city.
Amnesty claims many asylum-seekers in the UK are detained in a "protracted, inappropriate, disproportionate and unlawful" way and that this has "led to mental illness, self-harm" and attempted suicides.
Mexico is one state that stands at a critical crossroads, as pointed out by Gretchen Kuhner, in her article "Detention of Asylum-seekers in Mexico.
Health bosses have admitted they are rethinking the way asylum-seekers are dealt with following an influx of refugees into the city.
The Home Office was yesterday drawing up plans to move hundreds of asylum-seekers from Dover to ease growing tension in the port town.
Bernd Sattler, a member of AK Asyl, a group that works with asylum-seekers told (http://www.
The detention of asylum-seekers who come 'directly' in an irregular manner should, therefore, not be automatic nor should it be unduly prolonged.