refugee

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Related to Asylum-seeker: Political refugees

refugee

A person who:
(1) has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group;
(2) is outside the country he or she belongs to or normally resides in; and
(3) is unable or unwilling to return home for fear of persecution.

Refugees may include those fleeing from war or civil disturbance of any kind; a permutation is that of an ‘internally displaced’ person who moves within the borders of one country for the same reasons. The mortality rate of refugees is 60-fold greater than that of a similar non-displaced population; it is highest in children and is due to measles, diarrhoea-related illnesses, acute upper RTIs, malaria and is in part related to the virtually endemic protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that characterise the refugee state; diarrhoea is the most common cause of death (36,000 children die/day of diarrhoea).

Refugees have been called the fourth world, and have included Afghans, Armenians, Bengalis, Biafrans, Bosnians, Cambodians, Chileans, Croats, Cubans, Czechoslovakians, Ethiopians, Hungarians, Iraqis, Laotians, Liberians, Palestinians, Russians, Rwandans, Serbs, Somalis, Vietnamese, and cross religious lines—Jews, Hindis, and Muslims Records.

In the UK, refugees are entitled to benefits.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

refugee

A person fleeing danger or distress, esp. in times of war or political persecution.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Indonesia is an important transit country for asylum-seekers in Southeast Asia, as it is seen as the closest stepping-stone to Australia.
But the nationwide poll, which quizzed 1,000 people also reveals a wind of change in Ireland's attitude towards asylum-seekers.
Council leaders said they were satisfied the Government was doing all it could to help reduce pressures following ugly clashes between asylum-seekers and residents at the weekend.
In April, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has scrapped a deal with UN refugee agency UNHCR regarding the deportation of African migrants and asylum-seekers.
The qualitative aspect of the research included semi-structured interviews with three main groups of participants: professionals from related State agencies and ministries; NGO professionals who are working in a wide spectrum of immigration issues, including with asylum-seekers and asylum-seekers living in and outside of the Reception Centre.
The last time there were more than 1,000 asylum-seekers being put up in Cardiff since March was in 2010.
These gaps have worsened with the increase in the numbers of asylum-seekers arriving in recent months, particularly those fleeing the conflict in Syria.
Secondly, I think that you have assumed all asylum-seekers have left their countries with only Great Britain in mind.
The Home Secretary spoke of asylum-seekers swamping doctor surgeries and schools--this terminology only helps legitimize the far right, the neo-Nazis.
He questioned the policy of relocating asylum-seekers and refugees away from areas of high concentration to other areas of the country.
That figure will form the basis for Tony Blair's pledge to halve the number of asylum-seekers by September.