refugee

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Related to Asylum-seeker: Political refugees

refugee

A person who:
(1) has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group;
(2) is outside the country he or she belongs to or normally resides in; and
(3) is unable or unwilling to return home for fear of persecution.

Refugees may include those fleeing from war or civil disturbance of any kind; a permutation is that of an ‘internally displaced’ person who moves within the borders of one country for the same reasons. The mortality rate of refugees is 60-fold greater than that of a similar non-displaced population; it is highest in children and is due to measles, diarrhoea-related illnesses, acute upper RTIs, malaria and is in part related to the virtually endemic protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that characterise the refugee state; diarrhoea is the most common cause of death (36,000 children die/day of diarrhoea).

Refugees have been called the fourth world, and have included Afghans, Armenians, Bengalis, Biafrans, Bosnians, Cambodians, Chileans, Croats, Cubans, Czechoslovakians, Ethiopians, Hungarians, Iraqis, Laotians, Liberians, Palestinians, Russians, Rwandans, Serbs, Somalis, Vietnamese, and cross religious lines—Jews, Hindis, and Muslims Records.

In the UK, refugees are entitled to benefits.

refugee

A person fleeing danger or distress, esp. in times of war or political persecution.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, starting last year this has begun to change a bit, presumably because of Australia's relaunched Pacific Solution, which rules that no unauthorized maritime asylum-seeker will ever be resettled into Australia.
But the nationwide poll, which quizzed 1,000 people also reveals a wind of change in Ireland's attitude towards asylum-seekers.
Council leaders said they were satisfied the Government was doing all it could to help reduce pressures following ugly clashes between asylum-seekers and residents at the weekend.
Asylum-seekers are usually put up in accommodation around Britain while they wait for the government's decision on whether or not they will be allowed to stay as refugees.
UNHCR also urges the Bulgarian authorities to take immediate steps to improve these deplorable conditions to ensure respect for the rights of asylum-seekers and people in need of international protection.
Thirdly, contrary to popular belief, asylum-seekers are unable to claim benefits such as working tax credit or child benefit, and receive only NASS allowance equivalent to around pounds 35 a week.
That figure will form the basis for Tony Blair's pledge to halve the number of asylum-seekers by September.
Mike Lewis, chief executive of the Welsh Refugee Council, believes that suspicion of asylum-seekers is receding as people learn more about the men, women and children with whom they share the city.
There is an EU Directive on reception conditions (2003/9/EC) for asylum-seekers but this only set 'minimum standards' and allows member states to detain asylum-seekers "for example for legal reasons or reasons of public order".
Mexico is one state that stands at a critical crossroads, as pointed out by Gretchen Kuhner, in her article "Detention of Asylum-seekers in Mexico.
The detention of asylum-seekers who come 'directly' in an irregular manner should, therefore, not be automatic nor should it be unduly prolonged.