refugee

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refugee

A person who:
(1) has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group;
(2) is outside the country he or she belongs to or normally resides in; and
(3) is unable or unwilling to return home for fear of persecution.

Refugees may include those fleeing from war or civil disturbance of any kind; a permutation is that of an ‘internally displaced’ person who moves within the borders of one country for the same reasons. The mortality rate of refugees is 60-fold greater than that of a similar non-displaced population; it is highest in children and is due to measles, diarrhoea-related illnesses, acute upper RTIs, malaria and is in part related to the virtually endemic protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that characterise the refugee state; diarrhoea is the most common cause of death (36,000 children die/day of diarrhoea).

Refugees have been called the fourth world, and have included Afghans, Armenians, Bengalis, Biafrans, Bosnians, Cambodians, Chileans, Croats, Cubans, Czechoslovakians, Ethiopians, Hungarians, Iraqis, Laotians, Liberians, Palestinians, Russians, Rwandans, Serbs, Somalis, Vietnamese, and cross religious lines—Jews, Hindis, and Muslims Records.

In the UK, refugees are entitled to benefits.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

refugee

A person fleeing danger or distress, esp. in times of war or political persecution.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
According to one participant, asylum seekers are rejected for access to jobs and the legislation must be open to them.
Asylum seekers can apply to live in government-provided housing under Section 95.
In the UK, at the last election, the Conservatives said they were committed to ensuring Britain "remain[ed] a place of sanctuary for refugees", seekers are have fled for safety country while also pledging to reduce the number of asylum seekers arriving in the country.
the staged That erupted after it was revealed that the front doors of properties housing asylum seekers in Middlesbrough, mainly in the Gresham area, and Stockton were all painted red.
The brochure has been translated into ten languages, among others, in the languages spoken by asylum seekers in BiH - Arabic, Pashto and Urdu.
Israel has approved a plan to force asylum seekers to choose between indefinite detention in an Israeli prison or deportation to a third country in Africa.
The figures, published last week, reveal that a total of 35,683 asylum seekers being supported around the country.
The capital is one of three Welsh cities that appear in the top 10 UK council areas with the highest proportion of asylum seekers living in them.
lBritain - The UK already had a law requiring asylum seekers to declare their assets and use their own savings before qualifying for government support, but starting in August 2015, the Home Office cut state support by almost a third to destitute asylum seekers awaiting the outcome of their refugee applications.
BRUSSELS, Jan 25 (KUNA) -- The Dutch government has claimed more than 700,000 euro from asylum seekers in the last four years as contributions towards their living costs.
9 (BNA): Finland's government will require asylum seekers to work for free and to acknowledge a 'national curriculum' on Finnish culture and society, it said on Tuesday, launching measures to tighten its immigration policy, Reuters reported.