Aspergillus flavus


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As·per·gil·lus fla·vus

a fungal species with yellow-green conidia that is found growing on grains; may produce aflatoxin, which is the cause of aflatoxicosis in poultry and cattle and carcinogenic for rats and possibly humans; causes invasive aspergillosis in humans and animals.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

As·per·gil·lus fla·vus

(aspĕr-jilŭs flāvŭs)
A hyaline septate fungal species widely found in soil and decaying matter. Associated with respiratory infections and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Produces aflatoxins responsible for mycotoxicoses; may produce invasive disease in the granulocytopenic patient.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Aspergillus flavus

A species found on corn, peanuts, and grain. It is a plant, animal and human pathogen. After A. fumigatus, A. flavus is the second most common cause of aspergillosis of the lung. Other common clinical syndromes associated with A. flavus include chronic granulomatous sinusitis, keratitis, cutaneous aspergillosis, wound infections and osteomyelitis following trauma and inoculation. This species of Aspergillus can produce significant quantities of aflatoxin, a carcinogenic and acutely toxic compound.
See also: Aspergillus
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Chulze, "Aspergillus flavus population isolated from soil of Argentina's peanut-growing region.
Thus, there is a possible growth inhibition of Aspergillus flavus since sclerotium is the food storage of the fungi.
[3.] Palumbo J D, O'Keeffe T L and H K Abbas Isolation of maize soil and rhizosphere bacteria with antagonistic activity against Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium verticillioides.
It is interesting to note that in Karachi, located in southern Sindh, studies on airborne mycobiota (Rao et al., 2009; Afzal et al., 2004) have demonstrated that the aerospora is dominated by Aspergillus flavus, A.
Global Aflatoxins Market By Species Type (Aspergillus Flavus and Aspergillus Parasiticus), Exposure Method (Plant Product, Animal Product, Air Media), Detection Method Type (Chromatographic Methods, Spectroscopic Methods, Immunochemical Methods), Metabolite Type (Aflatoxin B1 and B2, Aflatoxin G1 and G2, Aflatoxin M1 and M2, Aflatoxin Q1), Geography (North America, South America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa) - Industry Trends and Forecast to 2026
Antifungal Activity was checked against these three fungal strains from Aspergillus family, Aspergillus Flavus, Aspergillus orzyae and Aspergillus subolivaeus.
Twenty half-pieces of nuts were arranged in 4 Petri dishes containing Dichloran Glycerol 18% Agar (DG18) and also in Aspergillus Flavus and Parasiticus Agar (AFPA).
Quanto a analise de sanidade, foi verificada a ocorrencia dos fungos: Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus sp., Botrytis sp., Cladosporium sp., Curvularia lunata, Fusarium sp., Nigrospora sp., Periconia sp., Pestalotia sp.
Biopsy samples grew 2 bacteria, Corynebacterium striatum and Enterococcus faecalis, and 1 filamentous fungus, Aspergillus flavus, that we identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Microflex LT, https:// www.bruker.com) against an in-house database described by Normand et al.
A fungus called Aspergillus flavus produces a carcinogen that is twenty times more toxic than DDT, called aflatoxin.