antisocial personality disorder

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antisocial

 [an″te-, an″ti-so´shal]
1. denoting behavior that violates the rights of others, societal mores, or the law.
2. denoting the specific personality traits seen in antisocial personality disorder.
antisocial personality disorder a personality disorder characterized by a conspicuous disregard for the rights and needs of others. Antisocial behavior begins before the age of 15 and includes such behaviors as truancy, delinquency, theft, and vandalism. Adults with this disorder show a lack of maturity, unwillingness to take responsibility, and emotional instability. The chief characteristic of such persons is an apparent lack of conscience. Their behavior includes a variety of antisocial and criminal acts, such as theft, engaging in an illegal occupation (for example, selling drugs), repeated defaulting on debts, sexual promiscuity, and repeated lying. In addition, an antisocial personality is often impulsive and aggressive and is unable to maintain consistent, responsible functioning at work, at school, or as a parent. Substance abuse is common.

As in other personality disorders, individuals with antisocial personality disorders refuse to admit to any problems. A patient who is a criminal may honestly believe that anyone who is not a criminal is merely stupid. Those with antisocial personalities often seem to be unable to learn from experience. They also are seldom willing to accept psychiatric help and when they do agree to consult a mental health professional, it is often only to avoid the legal consequences of their activity.

an·ti·so·cial per·son·al·i·ty dis·or·der

1. an enduring and pervasive pattern characterized by continuous and chronic antisocial behavior with disregard for and violation of the rights and safety of others, beginning before the age of 15; early childhood signs include chronic lying, stealing, fighting, and truancy; in adolescence there may be unusually early or aggressive sexual behavior, excessive drinking, and use of illicit drugs, such behavior continuing in adulthood.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.

antisocial personality disorder

n.
A personality disorder characterized by chronic antisocial behavior and violation of the law and the rights of others.

antisocial personality disorder

Dyssocial personality disorder, psychopathy, sociopathy Psychiatry A disorder affecting an individual with complete disregard for the rights of others, who engages in antisocial behavior without remorse; APD begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood Prevalence 3% ♀; 1% ♂; more common with substance abuse or in prison, or forensic settings. See Conduct disorder, Personality disorder.
Antisocial personality disorder
  1. Pervasive pattern of disregard for & violation of rights of others occurring from age 15, indicated by 3 + of following
    1. Failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors that is grounds for arrest
    2. Deceitfulness as indicated by repeated lying, use of aliases, manipulating others for personal profit or pleasure
    3. Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead
    4. Irritability & aggressiveness, indicated by repeated physical assault
    5. Reckless disregard for safety of self or others
    6. Consistent irresponsibility, indicated by inconsistent work behavior or not honoring financial commitments
    7. Lack of remorse, indicated by indifference to, or rationalizing having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another
  2. Age ≥ 18
  3. Evidence of a conduct disorder–see there–before age 15
  4. .
  5. APD-defining behavior doesn't occur exclusively during course of schizophrenia or manic episode
.

an·ti·so·cial per·son·al·i·ty dis·or·der

(an'tē-sō'shăl pĕr-sŏn-al'i-tē dis-ōr'dĕr)
Mental state characterized by a history of continuous and chronic antisocial behavior with disregard for and violation of the rights of others, beginning before the age of 15 years; early childhood signs include chronic lying, stealing, fighting, and truancy; in adolescence there may be unusually early or aggressive sexual behavior, excessive drinking, and use of illicit drugs. Such behavior continues to adulthood.

antisocial personality disorder

A condition of defective capacity for affection or for feeling for others. Affected people are conscienceless and seemingly unaware of the destructive effects of their behaviour on others. They cannot form satisfactory relationships in marriage or at work and often manifest uncontrolled aggression. Stealing, gambling, drug-taking, alcoholism, fire-raising and assault are common features. Such people do not respond to punishment and are a source of much trouble to society. It is questionable whether there is any effective treatment, but see THERAPEUTIC COMMUNITY.
References in periodicals archive ?
The utility of the PSAP has been documented across many studies, with demonstrated sensitivity to acute drug administration (Lane, & Cherek, 2000) and aggressive response patterns in psychiatric populations, including ASPD and substance abuse (Allen et al., 1997; Bjork et al., 1999; Cherek et al., 1997; Cherek & Lane, 1999; Cherek, Pietras, & Lane, 2003).
Using a pre-designed form, two authors (BZ and XC) independently extracted the following information from each included study: name of the first author, year of publication, type of rehabilitation/treatment (compulsory or voluntary), diagnostic criteria for ASPD, assessment tools used for ASPD, sampling procedure, participation rate of potential subjects, sample size, proportion of males in the sample, mean age of the sample, and the prevalence of ASPD in the sample.
With the continued effort of de-stigmatisation associated with psychiatry and increased media sensitivity regarding exploration of criminal behaviour especially among juveniles from the perspective of prevention rather than just incarceration, more cases are being brought for psychiatric evaluation thereby increasing the overall diagnosis of ASPD.
(20) Sanuto 39: 420; 40: 337-38, 351-52, 361, 375-76; ASPd, Estimo 1518, busta 356, fol.
As previously noted Lack of Remorse, an ASPD symptom, and CU trait, a psychopathic dimension, can be interpreted as being the same.
In addition, as expected participants diagnosed with ASPD, which is considered a risk factor for developing substance-related disorders (Babor et al., 1989), had significantly higher ASSIST scores than those that were not diagnosed with the disorder.
One of the challenges in working with such clients is a coexisting diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD; American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
The meta-analysis by Zhong and colleagues [3] estimates the prevalence of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) in Chinese individuals with heroin dependence.
Edwin Ross, principal of Salford-based Ross Legal, is one of the first ten members of the Association of Specialist Providers to Dentists (ASPD), a member of the National Association of Dental Accountants and Lawyers (NASDAL) and is on the list of solicitors recommended to dentists by the British Dental Association.