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An Indian herb (Withania somnifera), available in many forms; purported use in inflammation, tumors; has been suggested for use as an antidepressant. Clinical studies ongoing into its efficacy.
Synonym(s): Indian ginseng.
[Sansk., horse smell]


, ashvagandha (ăsh-wă-găn′dă, -vă-) [Sanskrit aśvagandha, horse smell]
An herbal extract of Withania somnifera, employed in ayurvedic medicine as an adaptogen, an aphrodisiac, an immune stimulant, and a tonic.

ashwagandha (äsh·wä·gän·dh),

n Latin name:
Withania somnifera; parts used: leaves, roots, whole plant; uses: in Ayurveda, balances kapha and vata doshas (bitter, pungent, light, oily), general tonic herb, adaptogen, antiinflammatory, antiviral, hepatoprotection, antioxidant, antitumor, antistress effects, memory improvement, immunomodulator, lowers high blood pressure; precautions: none known. Also called
References in periodicals archive ?
The herbs I use include the Chinese herb rehmannia, which is a kidney herb, as well as ashwaghanda and rhodiola, which are good for those whose nervous systems have been depleted.
She also grows rare herbs from China and India, including astragalus (Mongolicus), dong quai (Angelica sinensis), fo-ti (Polygonum multiflorum), which climbs on a tripod, and ashwaghanda (Withania somnifera).
Three tonic herbs support the adrenal glands--Eleuthero (Siberian ginseng), Ashwaghanda root (the ginseng of India) and Panax ginseng root.